President list of India: The president of India (IAST: Bharat Ke Rashtrapati) is the head of state of the Republic of India. The president is the nominal head of the executive, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. On 21 June 2022, Yashwant Sinha, former AITC leader, was unanimously chosen as the common candidate of UPA and other opposition parties for the 2022 Presidential Election. On the same day, NDA chose Draupadi Murmu as its presidential candidate. The President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters his office. president of India list
भारत के राष्ट्रपति (IAST: BHARAT KA RASHTRAPATI) भारत गणराज्य राज्य के प्रमुख हैं। राष्ट्रपति कार्यकारी के नाममात्र प्रमुख हैं, साथ ही भारतीय सशस्त्र बलों के कमांडर-इन-चीफ भी हैं। 21 जून 2022 को, एआईटीसी के पूर्व नेता यशवंत सिन्हा को सर्वसम्मति से 2022 के राष्ट्रपति चुनाव के लिए यूपीए और अन्य विपक्षी दलों के सामान्य उम्मीदवार के रूप में चुना गया था। उसी दिन, एनडीए ने द्रौपदी मुरमू को अपने राष्ट्रपति पद के उम्मीदवार के रूप में चुना। राष्ट्रपति उस तारीख से पांच साल की अवधि के लिए पद संभालेंगे, जिस पर वह अपने कार्यालय में प्रवेश करता है president of India list from 1947 to 2020
List of Presidents of India: Important points
He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government. And he is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. He represents the nation but does not rule it. The real power rests with the council of ministers.
President is elected by the electoral college of
- Elected members of both houses of the Parliament
- The elected members of state legislatures
- Elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).
Elected for five years but eligible for immediate re-election and can serve any number of terms.
The President can be removed from the post in case it is found that there is any violation of the constitution by the president. This impeachment can be moved in either house of parliament.
The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations if the Vice President’s seat is vacant then the Chief Justice of India acts as the President of India.
Presidents of India List
Dr Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India while Shri Ram Nath Kovind is the present of India. The chronological sequence of the presidents of India is given in the table below.
|Name||Starting Date||Closing Date|
|Dr Rajendra Prasad||January 26th, 1950||May 13th, 1962|
|Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||May 13th, 1962||May 13th, 1967|
|Dr Zakir Hussain||May 13th, 1967||May 3rd, 1969|
|Varahagiri Venkata Giri||May 3rd, 1969||July 20th, 1969|
|Mohammad Hidayatullah||July 20th, 1969||August 24th, 1969|
|Varahagiri Venkata Giri||August 24th, 1969||August 24th, 1974|
|Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||August 24th, 1974||February 11th, 1977|
|Basappa Danappa Jatti||February 11th, 1977||July 25th, 1977|
|Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||July 25th, 1977||July 25th, 1982|
|Giani Zail Singh||July 25th, 1982||July 25th, 1987|
|Ramaswamy Venkataraman||July 25th, 1987||July 25th, 1992|
|Shankar Dayal Sharma||July 25th, 1992||July 25th, 1997|
|Kocheril Raman Narayanan||July 25th, 1997||July 25th, 2002|
|Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam||July 25th, 2002||July 25th, 2007|
|Pratibha Patil||July 25th, 2007||July 25th, 2012|
|Pranab Mukherjee||July 25th, 2012||July 25th, 2017|
|Shri Ram Nath Kovind||July 25th, 2017||Working|
Presidents of India: Eligibility
The Indian Constitution’s Article 58 states a few conditions for a candidate to be eligible for the election of the president. Some of the following have been given below:
- The President should be a citizen of India.
- The President must be above the age of 35 years.
- And the President should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
- The President of India should not contain any office of profit under the State Government, Union, and other local authorities.
Facts about the President of India
Given below are a few facts related to the President of India and the past Presidents who have served the country. Questions based on these facts are commonly asked in the major competitive exams conducted in the country.
- Dr Rajendra Prasad was the longest-serving Indian President. He completed two tenures as the President of the country
- The shortest-serving President was the third Indian President, Zakir Hussain. He passed away while he was in his office
- Apart from the full-time Presidents mentioned in the table above, there were three interim Presidents. The three of them were: Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Mohammad Hidayatullah and Basappa Danappa Jatti
- Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was not just the youngest President of the country but was also the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
- Pratibha Patil was the first and the only women President of India
- If the President of India intends to resign from his post, he/she needs to do it in accordance with the procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Indian Constitution. The President needs to give a hand-written letter to the Vice President, in case of resignation
- The President is elected by the members of both the House of Parliament and the elected members of the legislative assembly of States and Union Territories
The procedure for the Presidential Election
There is no direct process for the election of the President. It is done through a secret ballot system of voting. Only the members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assemblies of the states, and Legislative Assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry are eligible to give their votes in the process of electing the President.
Conditions to be elected as President
There are certain norms for a person to be eligible to become the first citizen of the country. A person who is native of India and is of a minimum of 35 years of age can claim his candidacy in the Presidential Election. Plus he should qualify the conditions to be elected as a member of the Lok Sabha and at the same time, he should not hold any office of profit under the central government, state government, or any public authority. list of all presidents of India
Special Powers of President
All the Executive, legislative, financial, judicial, diplomatic, military and emergency powers of the country are vested in the President. He is the head of the armed forces of the nation. All the executive actions of the Government of India are formally taken in his name. Under his Legislative powers, he can summon or prologue the Parliament and dissolve the Lok Sabha. He can nominate 12 members of Rajya Sabha from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art and social service. In Lok Sabha, he has the power to nominate 2 members from the Anglo-Indian Community.
Vacancy in the Office of President
The Office of the President falls vacant in the following scenarios:
- By reason of death
- By reason of resignation
- Removal by Supreme Court
- Removal by impeachment
- On the expiry of their term
The Vice-President of India will have to discharge the duties of the Office that falls vacant due to any reason other than the expiry of the term. when vacancies occur in the offices of the President and of the Vice-President simultaneously, the Chief Justice discharges the functions of the President until a newly elected President.
FAQs on President List of India
What is the role of the President?
The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet.
What is the duty of the President?
The primary duty of the president is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India per Article 60. The president appoints the Chief Justice of India and other judges on the advice of the chief justice. The President may dismiss a judge with a two-thirds vote of the two Houses of the parliament.
How many presidents does India have?
There have been 14 presidents of India since the post was established when India was declared a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution in 1950. Apart from these fourteen, three acting presidents have also been in office for short periods of time.
Who is the first woman President of India?
Chief Justice of India K. G. Balakrishnan administered the oath of office to new President Pratibha Patil. December 19, 1934, is the 12th President of India. She is the first woman and the first Maharashtrian to hold this post.
Who is the youngest President of India?
Reddy was elected unopposed, the only President to be elected thus, after being unanimously supported by all political parties including the opposition Congress party. At 64, he became the youngest ever person to be elected President of India. vice president of India list