President List of America: The President of the United States is indeed one of the most powerful and influential people on the planet. The decisions the president makes and the actions he or she takes have national, as well as global implications. Seal of the President of the United States of America
However, the picture of the president — painted by many media outlets as one of an all-powerful and controlling figure — is far from the truth. The office of the president makes up only one of three equal branches of the American government. Our founding fathers designed our government this way to be self-balancing, to ensure that no one person had too much power. list of presidents of the united states of America
The president leads the Executive Branch. He or she serves as both the head of state and the head of government for the U.S., as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Despite these impressive titles, the president has strict limits placed on his power and authority.
President List of America: संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका के राष्ट्रपति वास्तव में ग्रह पर सबसे शक्तिशाली और प्रभावशाली लोगों में से एक हैं। राष्ट्रपति जो निर्णय लेता है और जो कार्य वह करता है, उसके राष्ट्रीय और साथ ही वैश्विक निहितार्थ होते हैं। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका के राष्ट्रपति की मुहर, हालाँकि, राष्ट्रपति की तस्वीर – कई मीडिया आउटलेट्स द्वारा एक सर्व-शक्तिशाली और नियंत्रित व्यक्ति के रूप में चित्रित – सच्चाई से बहुत दूर है। राष्ट्रपति का कार्यालय अमेरिकी सरकार की तीन समान शाखाओं में से केवल एक बनाता है। हमारे संस्थापकों ने हमारी सरकार को आत्म-संतुलन के लिए इस तरह से डिजाइन किया, ताकि यह सुनिश्चित हो सके कि किसी एक व्यक्ति के पास बहुत अधिक शक्ति न हो।
अध्यक्ष कार्यकारी शाखा का नेतृत्व करता है। वह अमेरिका के लिए राज्य के प्रमुख और सरकार के प्रमुख के साथ-साथ सशस्त्र बलों के कमांडर-इन-चीफ दोनों के रूप में कार्य करता है। इन प्रभावशाली उपाधियों के बावजूद, राष्ट्रपति के पास अपनी शक्ति और अधिकार पर सख्त सीमाएं हैं।
President List of America from 1789 to Present
- George Washington
- John Adams
- Thomas Jefferson
- James Madison
- James Monroe
- John Quincy Adams
- Andrew Jackson
- Martin Van Buren
- William Henry Harrison
- John Tyler
- James K. Polk
- Zachary Taylor
- Millard Fillmore
- Franklin Pierce
- James Buchanan
- Abraham Lincoln
- Andrew Johnson
- Ulysses S. Grant
- Rutherford B. Hayes
- James A. Garfield
- Chester A. Arthur
- Grover Cleveland
- Benjamin Harrison
- Grover Cleveland
- William McKinley
- Theodore Roosevelt
- William Howard Taft
- Woodrow Wilson
- Warren G. Harding
- Calvin Coolidge
- Herbert Hoover
- Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Harry S. Truman
- Dwight D. Eisenhower
- John F. Kennedy
- Lyndon B. Johnson
- Richard M. Nixon
- Gerald R. Ford
- Jimmy Carter
- Ronald Reagan
- George Bush
- Bill Clinton
- George W. Bush
- Barack Obama
- Donald Trump
- Joe Biden
Powers of American President
Head of National Administration
He is the Chief Executive and as such, it is his duty to see that the laws and the treaties are enforced throughout the country.
He has the power to make all important appointments but all such appointments are to be approved by the Senate. As a matter of usage, the Senate does not interfere in the appointments of the Secretaries, Ambassadors, and other diplomats. But the appointments of Judges of the Supreme Court must be scrutinized thoroughly by the Senate In the appointments of federal officers in various states of the U.S.A. the convention called “Senatorial Courtesy” has come into existence.
The constitution of the USA says that federal appointments arc to be made by the President and approved by the Senate. The President has no time to look into all appointments, which number in thousand. So he has delegated his power to make appointments to the Senators from the state where there is a vacancy. The only condition is that the Senators must belong to his party. The appointments made by the Senators are approved by the Senate out of courtesy. The President has the power to remove any person appointed by him except judges.
Dictator in Foreign Relations
The President has control of foreign relations, which he conducts with the assistance of the Secretary of State. He appoints all Ambassadors and other Diplomats. He negotiates treaties with foreign powers. But such treaties must be ratified by a 2/3rd majority of the Senate. The Senate can block a treaty that the President has negotiated but it connotes making a treaty or forcing the President to make one. The President receives Ambassadors and ministers from abroad. In fact, he is the Chief Spokesman of the U.S.A. in international affairs and is directly responsible for the foreign policy of his country and its results. He has the sole power to recognize or refuse to recognize new states.
Commander-in-Chief / Powers of Defence
He is the Commander-in-Chief of the US-armed forces as such he is responsible for the defence of his country. And he appoints military officers with the consent of the Senate and can remove them at will. He can send American forces to any part of the world. Again, it is for the President to decide in times of war and aggression when and where and whether the H-bomb should be dropped. He cannot, however, declare war without the consent of Congress. But he can handle the international situation in such a way as to make war inevitable; American forces were ordered to undertake police action in Korea in 1951 without a declaration of war.
The constitution of the USA is based upon the theory of the Separation of Powers. The executive and the legislative branches of the government are made independent of each other. So in strict theory, Congress legislates and the President executes. In practice, however, the President has become a very important legislator. His legislative powers are as follows:
The President is required by the constitution to send messages to Congress giving it information regarding the state0, of the Union. Sometimes these messages contain concrete proposals: for legislation. Congress cannot easily ignore such legislative proposals as they come from a very high authority.
He can influence Congress by the use of his “Veto”. All Bills pass by Congress, present to the President for assent. The President may refuse to sign a bill and send it back to the House in which it originated within 10 days of the receipt of the Bill. Congress can override a veto by passing the bill again: The only condition is that the Bill must pass the 2/31-d majority in each House. So the veto of the President is only a suspensive one.
But sometimes it becomes difficult to secure a 2/3″d majority in each House. In that case, the suspensive veto becomes an absolute one. If a Bill is sent to the President and he neither signs the Bill nor returns it to Congress, the Bill becomes law within 10 clays even without his signature. The only condition is that Congress must be in session. If Congress adjourns in the meantime, the Bill is automatically killed. This is called Pocket Veto. This means that the President can simply ignore the Bill (“put it in his pocket”) if it is passed by Congress on a date less than 10 days before it adjourns. Many Bills is pass towards the close of the session of Congress kill in this way.
The President can call special sessions of Congress. It is true that he cannot compel Congress to accept his legislative recommendations. But, if he back by strong and solid public opinion, he can easily achieve his objective.
The President can also issue certain executive orders having the force of law. This is known as the Ordinance power, of the President. The number of such executive orders is very large. As a result of this, the President has been able to, increase his legislative influence tremendously.
The President has powerful weapons of patronage in his hands to influence Congress. Members of Congress want jobs for their relatives, friends and supporters. The President is in a position to oblige them in this matter. He makes bargains with members to seek their support for legislative measures on which he has set his heart.
In recent times, the President of America has used the device of taking Congressional leaders into confidence by holding personal conferences with them. By this method, the President is able to secure their support for his legislative measures.
In theory, it is Congress, .which controls the public purse. In practice, the budget prepares under the guidance and supervision of the President. Of course, Congress is at liberty to change the badge proposals, but generally, it seldom does it.
The President has the power to grant pardon and reprieve to all offenders against federal laws, except those who impeach or those who have offended the State (country). He also appoints the Judges of the Supreme Court, no doubt on the consent of the Senate.
FAQs on President List of America
How many presidents has America had?
There have been 46 presidencies (including the current one, Joe Biden, whose term began in 2021), and 45 different individuals have served as president. Grover Cleveland was elected to two non-consecutive terms, and as such is considered the 22nd and 24th president of the United States.
Who is the fastest president?
William Henry Harrison, an American military officer and politician, was the ninth President of the United States (1841), the oldest President to be elected at the time. On his 32nd day, he became the first to die in office, serving the shortest tenure in U.S. Presidential history.
What can the president not do?
A PRESIDENT cannot declare war. decide how federal money will be spent. interpret laws. choose Cabinet members or Supreme Court Justices without Senate approval.
Can the President make laws?
Federal laws apply to people living in the United States and its territories. Congress creates and passes bills. The president then may sign those bills into law. Federal courts may review the laws to see if they agree with the Constitution. the first president of America list