List States of India: India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The President is the constitutional head of the Executive of the Union. In the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of the Executive. The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc. This section introduces you to the various States/UTs in the Country and urges you to explore their magnificent uniqueness. list of states in India
भारत, राज्यों का एक संघ, सरकार की संसदीय प्रणाली के साथ एक संप्रभु, धर्मनिरपेक्ष, लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य है। राष्ट्रपति संघ की कार्यपालिका का संवैधानिक प्रमुख होता है। राज्यों में राज्यपाल, राष्ट्रपति के प्रतिनिधि के रूप में, कार्यपालिका का प्रमुख होता है। राज्यों में सरकार की प्रणाली संघ के समान ही है। देश में 28 राज्य और 8 केंद्र शासित प्रदेश हैं। केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों का प्रशासन राष्ट्रपति द्वारा उनके द्वारा नियुक्त प्रशासक के माध्यम से किया जाता है। सबसे बड़े से लेकर सबसे छोटे तक, भारत के प्रत्येक राज्य / केंद्र शासित प्रदेश की एक अनूठी जनसांख्यिकी, इतिहास और संस्कृति, पोशाक, त्योहार, भाषा आदि हैं। यह खंड आपको देश के विभिन्न राज्यों / केंद्रशासित प्रदेशों से परिचित कराता है और आपसे उनकी शानदार विशिष्टता का पता लगाने का आग्रह करता है। states and capitals of india 2020 list
States and Capitals of India
India is the seventh-largest country in the world and also the second most populous. It lies in southern Asia. It is officially known as the Republic of India. Also, it is governed by a parliamentary form of government. It gets very difficult to manage a large country from one place. So Indian Constitution gives the right to the central government to make states feel suitable. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in our country India.
There are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India at present. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some states all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of the Indian States, Union Territories, and their capitals.
Indian States and Capitals
India has a total of 28 states and 8 union territories. The 28 Indian States and their capitals are as follows.
Indian Union Territories and Capitals
At Present India now has 28 States and 8 Union Territories. The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir has been bifurcated into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh. The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At present India has 8 Union Territories.
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)|
States and Capitals: Important Points
After getting the list of Indian States & Union Territories with their capitals, let us first understand how to segregate a state from a union territory. Out of the eight union territories in India, three union territories have their own legislatures these are Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and Jammu and Kashmir. Each union territory and state has a capital of its own.
|The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government.||Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.|
|The Executive Head is the Governor||The Executive Head is the President|
|The relationship with the Centre is Federal.||Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of the Union.|
|Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.||Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)|
|Chief Minister is the real head.||The Lieutenant is the real head.|
States and Capitals of India: Latest Updates
- Before we get into the Union Territories and their capitals, let us first have a look at the recent updates on Union Territories.
- Since 26th January 2020, India had 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory.
- On August 5, the central government also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
- With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of Union Territories have come down to eight.
Largest State of India 2022
Many people don’t know about the largest state of India population-wise and area-wise and the largest union territory of India population-wise and area-wise. There is a total of 28 states and 8 union territories (UTs) in India as of now. The largest state in terms of area is Rajasthan (342,239 Km2) followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Uttar Pradesh is the most popular state in India followed by Maharashtra and Bihar. Here we have covered the list of the Indian States and Union Territories with area and population.
Largest State in India in terms of Area
Rajasthan is the largest state in India in terms of area which covers 342,239 km2 of land area. As per the Census 2011, the total population of Rajasthan is 68548437. Goa is the smallest state in India which covers 3702km2. The list of states in terms of area is given below:
|State Name||Area (km2)|
Largest Union Territory in India in terms of Area
Jammu and Kashmir is the largest union territory in India in terms of area which covers 125,535 km2 of land area. The list of union territories in terms of area is given below:
|State Name||Area (km2)|
|Jammu & Kashmir||125,535|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||8,249|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu||603|
FAQs on the List States of India
Is it 28 or 29 states on India’s List?
There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/ UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc.
Which state is very rich in India?
Maharashtra is the richest state in India. The state capital Mumbai is also known as the economic capital of the country.
Which is the safest state in India?
Nagaland has the lowest incidence of crime based on the percentage of share. India ranks 148 out of 170 countries in the ‘Women, Peace And Security Index 2021’.
Which Indian state is beautiful?
Kerala. Rightly known as ‘God’s Own Country, Kerala is among the most beautiful and green states in India. The backwater state is prized for some of the country’s most pretty beaches, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Which is the most educated state in India?
Kerala tops the list with a 96.2 per cent literacy rate. According to the 2011 census, almost 96.11 per cent of males and 92.07 females were literate in the state.
Which state is the fastest growing in India?
Odisha is one of the fastest growing States registering a growth rate much higher than India’s GDP growth rate of 8.8%. Odisha also faced the adverse impact of Covid-19 and its GSDP contracted by 5.3% in 2020-21 against a contraction of 6.6% in India’s GDP. list of 29 states of India