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List of Vegetables with Pictures, What is & Categories of Vegetables, FAQs…

List of Vegetables with Pictures: Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans or other animals as food. The original meaning is still commonly used and is applied to plants collectively to refer to all edible plant matter, including the flowers, fruits, stems, leaves, roots, and seeds. Vegetable, the edible product of a herbaceous plant-that is, a plant with a soft stem, as distinguished from the edible nuts and fruits produced by plants with woody stems such as shrubs and trees. There are many types of vegetables, but four of the main, or most common, types are root vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, greens, and nightshades. list of root vegetables with pictures

In Hindi:

सब्जियां पौधों का वह भाग हैं जिनका सेवन मनुष्य या अन्य जानवर भोजन के रूप में करते हैं। मूल अर्थ अभी भी आमतौर पर उपयोग किया जाता है और फूलों, फलों, उपजी, पत्तियों, जड़ों और बीजों सहित सभी खाद्य पौधों के मामले को संदर्भित करने के लिए सामूहिक रूप से पौधों पर लागू होता है। सब्जी, एक शाकाहारी पौधे का खाद्य उत्पाद-अर्थात, एक नरम तने वाला पौधा, जैसा कि खाद्य नट और पौधों द्वारा उत्पादित फलों से अलग होता है, जैसे कि झाड़ियाँ और पेड़। सब्जियां कई प्रकार की होती हैं, लेकिन चार मुख्य, या सबसे आम प्रकार हैं, जड़ वाली सब्जियां, क्रूस वाली सब्जियां, साग और नाइटशेड। list of all indian vegetables names with pictures

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A-Z Name of vegetables

  • Pumpkin, capsicums and tomatoes
  • Asparagus
  • Avocado
  • Bean
  • Beetroot
  • Beetroot and potato salad
  • Bok choy, pak choy or Chinese chard
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Butternut pumpkin in orange
  • Cabbage
  • Capsicum
  • Carrot
  • Cauliflower
  • Celeriac
  • Celery
  • Chinese broccoli or gai lan
  • Chinese cabbage or wong bok
  • Citrus coleslaw
  • Corn or sweet corn
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant, aubergine or brinjal
  • Fennel
  • Guacamole
  • Honeyed greens
  • Lettuce
  • Mushroom
  • Onion
  • Parsnip
  • Peas
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin
  • Radish
  • Ratatouille
  • Salsa
  • Sesame brussels sprouts
  • Spinach
  • Squash
  • Swede
  • Sweet potato or kumera
  • Tabbouleh
  • Tomato
  • Turnip
  • Zucchini or courgette

What is a vegetable?

The term vegetable refers to many things. Vegetables may be almost any part of a plant including:

  • Roots
  • Stems
  • Leaves
  • Flowers
  • Bark
  • The entire plant

Vegetables have been divided into major groups:

  • Edible underground parts, such as roots, tubers, and bulbs.
  • Edible above-ground parts, such as stems, leaves, and flowers.
  • And Edible fruits and seeds, such as usually unripe fruits and seeds.
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Edible Underground Parts

Roots, tubers, and bulbs are known as geophytes: plants that have fleshy underground parts that originate from roots, stems, or leaf bases.

Taproots

Taproots can become swollen and colourful or can remain quite drab but tasty. Examples of common edible taproots include:

  • Carrots,
  • Radishes,
  • Turnips,
  • Beets.

Many native North American tap-rooted plants have served as the main staple for existence. Native Americans from the western portions of North America used one such species, Lewis’ bitterroot. Roots were often collected and dried for winter use. Roots were then boiled and used as a food source when other food sources were scarce. Also, roots were also used for medicinal purposes including sore throat aid, poison ivy rashes, and heart pain.

This important plant was introduced to Lewis and Clark on their famous expedition in the early 1800s. Specimens were collected on the expedition and were found to resprout many years after being collected and deprived of soil and water. Named in honour of Lewis and its apparent ability to come back to life, this plant’s scientific name is Lewisia rediviva (rediviva is Latin for “brought back to life”).

List of Vegetables with Pictures

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Tubers

Tubers are underground plant organs that store important nutrients. Wild tubers and fleshy fruits were among the most important food sources for food gathers prior to agricultural production and are still important to hunter-gather tribes in existence today. Many have considered the potato to be one of the top five plants that have changed the world.

The tuberous potato ranks fourth as a major food staple globally, following only wheat, corn, and rice (grains) respectively. Originating in the Andes, there is evidence that wild potatoes were eaten 13,000 years ago and have been cultivated for at least the last 7,000 years. It is interesting to note that potatoes did not leave the Americas until just a few hundred years ago.

  • The Spanish discovered potatoes being grown in South America in the 1500s.
  • Native peoples preserved potatoes by drying them through a process of freezing/thawing into a dry mass of cellulose and starch called chuno.
  • It was not until the 1800s that Ireland began growing potatoes, and the entire country became dependent upon them.
  • The potato blight (1844) caused by a fungus destroyed virtually all of Ireland’s potatoes and nearly 1 million people died and another million emigrated, mostly to the U.S. and Canada.
  • Potatoes have been traditionally grown from pieces of the tubers because the plants are almost always male-sterile.

Two other tubers have been included in the important plants that have changed the world. Manioc (cassava root) and sweet potato are two such plants. Both plant species originated in the new world and have been widely cultivated for their important storage roots. So Manioc is a staple food for over 500 million people. Sweet potatoes are often confused with yams. True yams belong to a different genus, Dioscorea, and are grown primarily in Africa.

Bulbs

  • Bulbs are defined as underground-modified leaf shoots with modified scales or buds. Many of the staple foods we eat are buds. These include onions, garlic, leeks, and shallots.
  • Onion flowers and inset image of garlic cloves. Wild onions and garlic (right) have bulbs that can be enjoyed as a food source.
  • Onion flowers and inset image of garlic cloves.Garlic bulbs.
  • The genus Allium, which includes the onion and its relatives, has been providing important food sources since before recorded time. Humans have made use of nutrient-rich bulbs. Besides providing aromatic food flavouring, most of the members of the genus have medicinal properties as well. The pungent quality common to the Alliums is tied to the volatile sulfur compounds that are released when the cells of onion are ruptured.
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Sego Lily Bulbs Save Pioneers

The Sego Lily (Calochortus nuttallii) was named the state flower of Utah in 1911 for its beauty, importance as a food source, and role in early Utah history. Early settlers or pioneers to the area were starving due to a large infestation of crop-eating crickets. Native Americans had used the bulbs as a food source. Bulbs were roasted, boiled, and made into porridge. Therefore early settlers followed this example and were saved from starvation.
The volatile sulfur compounds released from onions are water-soluble. Try submerging an onion in the water while slicing or chill or freeze an onion before slicing to reduce the effects of the powerful vapours.

Edible Above Ground Parts

Green leaves and stems have been an important part of the human diet for thousands of years. A large portion of the hunter-gatherer’s diet was comprised of uncooked leafy greens. So edible stems were and continue to be important today. Here are some important native edible plants and the parts we consume:

  • Wild asparagus – stem
  • Bracken fern – leaves
  • Stinging nettle – leaves and stems
  • Jerusalem artichoke – tuber and leaves
  • Dogwood – stems (used to clean teeth)
  • Wild onion – all parts
Edible Flower

Flowers are Edible?

There are many edible flowers. Some edible flowers are obvious but others are a little harder to detect as truly the flowering structure of a plant. Here are a few favourite flowers or flowering stalks to enjoy:

  • Violets
  • Cauliflower – flowering stalk harvested prior to flowering
  • Capers – often pickled prior to flower opening
  • Cabbage – flowering stalk harvested prior to flowering
  • Dandelion
  • Artichoke
  • Nasturtium
  • Broccoli – flowering stalk harvested prior to flowering
  • Roses

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FAQs on List of Vegetables with Pictures

What is the classification of a vegetable?

Vegetables are usually classified on the basis of the part of the plant that is used for food. The root vegetables include beets, carrots, radishes, sweet potatoes, and turnips. So stem vegetables include asparagus and kohlrabi. Among the edible tubers, or underground stems, are potatoes.

What is the importance of vegetables?

A diet rich in vegetables and fruits can lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, prevent some types of cancer, lower the risk of eye and digestive problems, and have a positive effect on blood sugar, which can help keep appetite in check.

What is the most important thing in vegetables?

It’s no secret that vegetables — which are loaded with fibre, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants — are a must-have in a healthy diet.

Edible Flowers

What happens if you don’t eat vegetables?

Without fruits and veggies, you’re more prone to digestive ailments such as constipation, haemorrhoids and diverticulosis. So fruits and vegetables contain cellulose, which increases stool weight, eases passage and reduces transit time.

What are the benefits of eating vegetables every day?

Eating vegetables every day is important for health. They provide essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, such as antioxidants and fibre. Research consistently shows that people who eat at least 5 servings of vegetables a day have the lowest risk of many diseases, including cancer and heart disease.

What are the 5 categories of vegetables?

Based on their nutrient content, vegetables are organized into 5 subgroups: dark green; red and orange; beans, peas, and lentils; starchy; and other vegetables. list of vegetable names in Hindi and English with pictures

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