List of Union Territories of India: India, a union of states, is a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. A union territory is a type of administrative division in India which is ruled directly by the Union Government (Central Government). Hence, it is called the “union territory”. The President is the constitutional head of the Executive of the Union. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. Union territories of India have special rights and status due to their process of formation and development. The status of “Union Territory” is assigned to an Indian sub-division to safeguard the rights of indigenous cultures, averting political turmoil related to matters of governance, newly inducted into India from a foreign colony and so on. list of states and union territories in india
भारत के केंद्र शासित प्रदेश 2022: भारत, राज्यों का एक संघ, सरकार की संसदीय प्रणाली के साथ एक संप्रभु, समाजवादी, धर्मनिरपेक्ष और लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य है। एक केंद्र शासित प्रदेश भारत में एक प्रकार का प्रशासनिक प्रभाग है जो सीधे केंद्र सरकार (केंद्र सरकार) द्वारा शासित होता है। इसलिए, इसे “केंद्र शासित प्रदेश” कहा जाता है। राष्ट्रपति संघ की कार्यपालिका का संवैधानिक प्रमुख होता है। केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों का प्रशासन राष्ट्रपति द्वारा उनके द्वारा नियुक्त प्रशासक के माध्यम से किया जाता है।
भारत के केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों को उनके गठन और विकास की प्रक्रिया के कारण विशेष अधिकार और दर्जा प्राप्त है। “केंद्र शासित प्रदेश” का दर्जा स्वदेशी संस्कृतियों के अधिकारों की रक्षा के लिए एक भारतीय उप-मंडल को सौंपा गया है, शासन के मामलों से संबंधित राजनीतिक उथल-पुथल को टालने के लिए, एक विदेशी उपनिवेश से भारत में शामिल किया गया और इसी तरह। union territories of india 2021 list with capital
8 Union Territories in India
India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The President is the constitutional head of the Executive of the Union. The Union territories are notionally administered by the representative of the Indian President. There are 8 Union territories in India. From the largest to the smallest, each UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc. This section introduces you to the various UTs in the Country and urges you to explore their uniqueness:
Union Territories of India
There are 8 Union territories in India. The list for Union Territories of India 2022 is given below:
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
- Jammu and Kashmir
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
|Area||8,249 sq. km|
|Population||4 lakh (approx)|
|Languages||Hindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu|
The Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is situated between 6° and 14° North Latitude and 92° and 94° East Longitude. The islands located north of 10° north latitude are known as the Andaman Group of Islands while islands located south of 10° north latitude are called the Nicobar Group of Islands. The climate of the islands can be defined as a humid, tropical coastal climate. The islands receive rainfall from both the southwest and northeast monsoons and the maximum precipitation is between May & December.
The original inhabitants of the islands lived in the forests hunting and fishing. There are four Negrito tribes, viz., the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese in the Andaman group of islands and two Mongoloid tribes, viz., Nicobarese and Shompens in the Nicobar group of islands.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
|Area||491 sq km|
|Population||4 Lakh (approx)|
Recently Daman and Diu merged into Dadar and Nagar Haweli to form a single Union Territory i.e., Dadar and Nagar Haweli. From 1954 to 1961, the territory functioned almost independently by what was known as the ” Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli Administration “. However, the territory was merged with the Indian Union on 11 August 1961, and since then, is being administered by the Government of India as a Union Territory.
|Area||114 sq km|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, English|
Chandigarh is a fully grown town of the most modern architectural splendour. The city nestles in a picturesque setting in the foothills of Shivalik hills and enjoys the popular epithet “City Beautiful”. Representative of modern architecture and town planning, the city is a creation of the French Architect, Le Corbusier. Chandigarh and the area surrounding it were constituted as a Union Territory on 1 November 1966. It serves as the joint capital of both Punjab and Haryana States. It is bound North and West by Punjab and East and South by Haryana.
|Area||32 sq. km|
|Population||64,429 ( Approx )|
|Languages||Malayalam, Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha) and Mahal|
Not much is known about the early history of these islands. It is the smallest Union Territory of India. The islands that were supposed to have been inhabited first are Amini, Andreotti, Kavaratti, and Agatti. It was earlier believed that the islanders were originally Hindus, and later converted to Islam under the influence of Arab traders, sometime in the 14th century. In 1956, the islands were constituted into a single territory, and since then, have been directly administered by the Union Government through an Administrator. The Laccadives, Minicoy and Amindivi group of islands were renamed Lakshadweep in 1973. Lakshadweep is a group of coral islands consisting of 12 atolls, three reefs and submerged sand banks. Of the 27 islands, only 11 are inhabited. These lie scattered in the Arabian Sea about 280 km to 480 km off the Kerala coast.
|Area||479 sq km|
|Languages||Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, English and French|
The territory of (Puducherry) comprises the former French establishment Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam, which lie scattered in South India. Puducherry, the capital of the territory was once the original headquarters of the French in India. It was under French rule for 138 years and merged with the Indian Union on 1st November 1954. It is bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the three sides by Tamil Nadu. About 150 km south of Puducherry on the East Coast lies Karaikal. Mahe is situated on the Malabar coast in the Western Ghats surrounded by Kerala. It can be reached from Calicut Airport, which is 70 km from Mahe. Yanam is situated adjoining the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh and is about 200 km from Visakhapatnam airport.
NCT of Delhi
|Area||1,483 sq. km|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu & English|
Delhi finds prominent references right from the times of the epic Mahabharata. Its control passed from one ruler/dynasty to another, beginning with the Mauryas, Pallavas, and Guptas of Central India, and then to the Turks and Afghan during the 13th to 15th centuries, and finally to the Mughals in the 16th century. In the latter half of the 18th century and early 19th century, British rule was established in Delhi. In 1911, Delhi became the centre of all activities after the capital was shifted from Kolkata. It made a Union Territory in 1956. Lying in the northern part of the country, Delhi is surrounded by Haryana on all sides except the east, where it borders Uttar Pradesh. The 69th Constitutional amendment is a milestone in Delhi’s history; as it got a Legislative Assembly with the enactment of the National Capital Territory Act, 1991.
Ladakh became a Union Territory on 31st October 2019. The Union Territory of Ladakh comprises two districts namely Leh and Kargil. It is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. The UT of Ladakh shall comprise two districts namely Leh and Kargil.
- Sub-Divisions: 6
- Tehsils: 8
- Blocks: 16
- Panchayat: 95
- Villages: 113
- Sub-Divisions: 4
- Tehsils: 7
- Blocks: 15
- Panchayat: 98
- Villages: 130
Jammu and Kashmir
|Area||Jammu ( winter ), Srinagar ( summer )|
|Languages||Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dari|
How do Delhi and Puducherry have other systems than the other Union Territories?
- In India, all the states and two union territories, i.e. Puducherry, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir possess elected legislature.
- Out of a total of eight union territories in India, two U.T. i.e., Delhi, and Puducherry have their elected assembly, as these granted partial statehood, by an amendment to the Constitution.
- Delhi and Puducherry have their own legislative assembly and executive council and operate like states. They have a few subjects of State listed with them and a few lie with the centre.
Indian Union Territories History
During the discussion on the re-organisation of states in 1956, the States Re-organisation Commission recommended; the creation of a different category for these territories since they neither fit the model of a state nor do they follow a uniform pattern when it comes to governance. It observed that these economically unbalanced, financially weak, and administratively and politically; unstable territories can’t survive as separate administrative units without depending heavily on the Union government. Considering all the reasons union territory formed. Andaman and Nicobar island was the first union territory of India, Chandigarh is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana states of India. Recently the Jammu and Kashmir state bifurcated; into Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Union Territories while the Dadar and Nagar Haweli merged with Daman and Diu.
FAQs on List of Union Territories of India
Are there 8 or 9 Union Territories?
There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/ UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc.
Which is the largest Union Territory of India 2022?
Largest State in India 2022: India has a total of 28 States and 8 Union Territories. In terms of area, Rajasthan is the largest state in India while Goa is the smallest state in India. Ladakh is the largest Union Territory of India while Lakshadweep; is the smallest Union Territory of India in terms of area.
भारत में सबसे बड़ा राज्य 2022: भारत में कुल 28 राज्य और 8 केंद्र शासित प्रदेश हैं। क्षेत्रफल की दृष्टि से राजस्थान भारत का सबसे बड़ा राज्य है जबकि गोवा भारत का सबसे छोटा राज्य है। लद्दाख भारत का सबसे बड़ा केंद्र शासित प्रदेश है जबकि लक्षद्वीप; क्षेत्रफल की दृष्टि से भारत का सबसे छोटा केंद्र शासित प्रदेश है union territories of india 2022 list with capital