List Of Rivers Of India: The rivers in India play an important role in the lives of the people. They provide potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and livelihood for many people nationwide. This easily explains why nearly all the major cities of India are located by the banks of rivers. The rivers also have an important role in Hindu Religion and are considered holy by many Hindus in the country.
Seven major rivers along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of India. The largest basin system of the rivers pours their waters into the Bay of Bengal; however, some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range, and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage.
भारत की नदियों की सूची: भारत में नदियां लोगों के जीवन में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाती हैं। वे देश भर में कई लोगों के लिए पीने योग्य पानी, सस्ता परिवहन, बिजली और आजीविका प्रदान करते हैं। यह आसानी से बताता है कि भारत के लगभग सभी प्रमुख शहर नदियों के किनारे क्यों स्थित हैं। नदियों की हिंदू धर्म में भी महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका है और देश में कई हिंदुओं द्वारा इन्हें पवित्र माना जाता है।
सात प्रमुख नदियां अपनी असंख्य सहायक नदियों के साथ भारत की नदी प्रणाली बनाती हैं। नदियों की सबसे बड़ी बेसिन प्रणाली अपना पानी बंगाल की खाड़ी में डालती है; हालाँकि, कुछ नदियाँ जिनके पाठ्यक्रम उन्हें देश के पश्चिमी भाग और हिमाचल प्रदेश राज्य के पूर्व की ओर ले जाते हैं, अरब सागर में खाली हो जाती हैं। लद्दाख के कुछ हिस्सों, अरावली रेंज के उत्तरी हिस्सों और थार रेगिस्तान के शुष्क हिस्सों में अंतर्देशीय जल निकासी है।
Top 5 Rivers In India
- Being the largest river in India, Ganga has been declared the National River of India.
- Ganga is worshipped as the Goddess of Hindus.
- Gangotri Glacier, Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Satopanth Glacier, Kamet, and Trisul are the sources of Ganga.
- Its length is 2525 km.
- It rises from the western Himalayas and drains into the Bay of Bengal. The origin of the Ganga is called Gangotri.
- It flows through the Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Kanpur, Patna, and Ghazipur cities.
- The two most bridges of India i.e. Mahatma Gandhi Setu & Vidyasagar Setu are made over the Ganga.
- भारत की सबसे बड़ी नदी होने के कारण गंगा को भारत की राष्ट्रीय नदी घोषित किया गया है।
- गंगा को हिंदुओं की देवी के रूप में पूजा जाता है।
- गंगोत्री ग्लेशियर, नंदा कोट, नंदा देवी, केदारनाथ, सतोपंथ ग्लेशियर, कामेट और त्रिशूल गंगा के स्रोत हैं।
- इसकी लंबाई 2525 किमी है।
- यह पश्चिमी हिमालय से निकलती है और बंगाल की खाड़ी में गिरती है। गंगा का उद्गम गंगोत्री कहलाता है।
- यह वाराणसी, हरिद्वार, इलाहाबाद, कोलकाता, कानपुर, पटना और गाजीपुर शहरों से होकर बहती है।
- भारत के दो सबसे अधिक पुल यानी महात्मा गांधी सेतु और विद्यासागर सेतु गंगा के ऊपर बने हैं।
- The Godavari is one of the sacred waterways of central India, near Nasik in Maharashtra.
- It is the largest river in South India as well as the second-longest river in India.
- Brahmagiri Mountain is the source of Godavari and its length is 1465 km.
- The Godavari flows from western to southern India.
- It flows towards the east, traversing the Deccan Plateau.
- In the end, it pours into the Bay of Bengal at Narasapuram in Andhra Pradesh.
- Godavari Bridge and Godavari Arch Bridge are their major bridges.
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- This River is the longest river in India and is known by different names based on the regions, it flows through.
- The Brahmaputra originates from the Kailash Ranges of the Himalayas and its length is 2900 km.
- Southwest Tibet in the Himalayas is the source of Brahmaputra Waterways.
- Naranarayan Setu, Dhola-Sadia, Saraighat Bridges are made over Brahmaputra. And, Bhupen Hazarika Setu (Dhola–Sadiya Bridge) is the longest river bridge in India.
- The River Yamuna, which is the lifeline of Delhi is the second largest tributary river of the Ganga in northern India. The Yamuna is one of the most important rivers in India.
- It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand and drains into the Triveni Sangam.
- The Yamuna takes place on the India river map as one of the important rivers in India.
- Yamunotri and Champasar Glacier are the sources of Yamuna and their length is 1376 km.
- It flows through Agra, Allahabad, Mathura, Yamuna Nagar, Noida, Delhi, Etawah, Baghpat, Firozabad, Kalpi, and Hamirpur cities.
- New Yamuna Bridge and Allahabad bridges are made over the Yamuna.
- This River also creates natural state borders between the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- The Kaveri is also known as Cauvery. It is the holiest river of South India and one of the most important rivers in the territory.
- The Kaveri comes in the list of rivers in India which are the most famous amongst Indians.
- Talakaveri is the Western Ghats Mountain Range is the source of Kaveri and its length is 765 km.
- It flows through Tiruchirappalli, Talakaveri, Thanjavur, and Srirangapatna cities. Cauvery Bridge is made over Kaveri.
- Shivanasamudra Falls created by Kaveri and Doddabetta is the highest point in the Kaveri basin.
The major rivers of India are:
- Flowing into the Arabian Sea: Narmada, Tapi, Sindhu, Sabarmati, Mahi, Purna
- Flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Ganga, Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri
All major rivers of India originate from one of the following main watersheds:
- Aravalli range
- Himalaya and Karakoram ranges
- Sahyadri or the Western Ghats in western India
- Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India
Himalayan glaciers in the Indian subcontinent are broadly divided into the three river basins, namely the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra. The Indus basin has the largest number of glaciers (3500), whereas the Ganga and Brahmaputra basins contain about 1000 and 660 glaciers, respectively. Ganga is the largest river system in India. However, these rivers are just three among many. Other examples are Narmada, Tapathi, and the Godavari.
The Indo-Gangetic plains
The Indo Gangetic plains are known as Ganga-Satluj Ka Maidaan (गँगा सतलुज का मैदान), this area is drained by 16 major rivers. The major Himalayan Rivers are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra. These rivers are long and are joined by many large and important tributaries. Himalayan rivers have long courses from their source to the sea (in India Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal).
- Laxman Jhoola in Rishikesh
- Aravalli Range River System
Following rivers flow from the Aravalli range, both northwards to the Yamuna as well as southwards to the Arabian Sea.
- North-to-south flowing rivers, originate from the western slopes of the Aravalli range in Rajasthan, pass through the southeastern portion of the Thar Desert, and end in Gujarat.
- Luni River, 495 kilometres (308 mi) originates in the Pushkar valley near Ajmer and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch.
- Sakhi river, 265 kilometres (165 mi) ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch.
- Sabarmati River, 371 kilometres (231 mi) originates on the western slopes of the Aravalli Range of the Udaipur District and ends in the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian Sea.
- West to north-west flowing rivers, originate from the western slopes of the Aravalli range in Rajasthan, flow through the semi-arid historical Shekhawati region, and drain into southern Haryana.
- Several Ochre Coloured Pottery culture sites, also identified as the late Harappan phase of Indus Valley Civilisation culture, have been found along the banks of these rivers.
Sahibi River originates near Manoharpur in Sikar district and flows through Haryana, along with its following tributaries
- Dohan river, a tributary of the Sahibi river, originates near Neem Ka Thana in the Alwar district).
- Sota River, a tributary of the Sahibi river, merges with the Sahibi river at Behror in the Alwar district.
- Krishnavati river, a former tributary of Sahibi river, originates near Dariba zinc and lead mines in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan, flows through Patan in Dausa district and Mothooka in Alwar district, then disappears in Mahendragarh district in Haryana much before reaching Sahibi river.
- West to north-east flowing rivers, originating from the eastern slopes of the Aravalli range in Rajasthan, flow northwards to the Yamuna.
- Chambal River,1,024 kilometres (636 mi) a southern-side tributary of Yamuna river.
- Banas River, 529 kilometres (329 mi) a northern-side tributary of Chambal river.
- Berach River, 236 kilometres (147 mi) a southern-side tributary of Banas River, originates in the hills of Udaipur District.
- Ahar River, 100 kilometres (62 mi) a right-side (or eastern side) tributary of the Berach River, originates in the hills of Udaipur District and flows through Udaipur city forming the famous Lake Pichola.
- Wagli Wagon River, a right-side tributary of the Berach River.
- Gambhiri River is a right-side tributary of the Berach River.
- Orai River is a right-side tributary of the Berach River.
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Ganges River System
The major rivers in this system are (in order of merging, from west to east)
- Ganges – 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi) Starting from Gangotri Glacier, Uttarakhand, India
- Chambal – 1,024 kilometres (636 mi) Flows through Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and merges into the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh
- Betwa – 676 kilometres (420 mi) Not Himalayan river, covers Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh before merging with the Yamuna
- Yamuna – 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) the Yamuna runs most of the course parallel to Ganga before contributing its water to Ganga at Prayagraj. Largest of Ganga’s southern tributaries
- Gomti – 529 kilometres (329 mi) Starts near the junction of three borders viz. Nepal, Uttarakhand and UP
- Ghaghra – 1,156 kilometres (718 mi) Starts in Nepal near Uttarakhand
- Son – 784 kilometres (487 mi) Not a Himalayan river, covers MP, UP, Jharkhand and Bihar. Second Largest of Ganga’s southern tributaries
- Gandak – 652 kilometres (405 mi) Starts from Nepal
- Kosi – 625 kilometres (388 mi) Starts from Nepal
- Brahmaputra – 3,969 kilometres (2,466 mi) Merges with Ganga to form the grand river (but short in length) – the Padma in Bangladesh. By now, the flow velocity of both rivers slowed down to a considerable extent as they are on plains now.
- Before entering Bangladesh, near Farakka in Malda District, Ganga leaves a distributary Hoogly, 450 kilometres (280 mi) which provides water for irrigation in West Bengal
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Brahmaputra River System
Brahmaputra River basin across Northeast India. The Brahmaputra river originates / starts from Tibet.
- Yarlung Tsangpo River – 2,809 kilometres (1,745 mi) originates and forms the upper stream of the Brahmaputra in Tibet
- Siang – 184 kilometres (114 mi) main river after it enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh
- Dibang – major tributary flowing through Arunachal Pradesh before merging into the Brahmaputra River in Assam
- Lohit – one of the three major tributaries of the Brahmaputra flowing through Arunachal Pradesh from easternmost India
- Brahmaputra – 780 kilometres (480 mi) runs across the state of Assam from East to West, entering Bangladesh afterwards
- Teesta – 324 kilometres (201 mi) one of the largest tributaries of Brahmaputra; originating in the borders of Sikkim and Tibet, flowing South it joins the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh
- Jamuna River (Bangladesh) – 196 kilometres (122 mi) the Brahmaputra is Jamuna in Bangladesh
- Padma River – 204 kilometres (127 mi) the Jamuna river merges with the Padma in Bangladesh before finally falling into the Bay of Bengal
- The Brahmaputra has a Total length of 3,969 kilometres (2,466 mi) as per the latest mapping.
Indus River System
The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. Although most of the river’s course runs through neighbouring Pakistan, as per as regulation of the Indus water treaty of 1960, India can use only 20 per cent of the water in this river. A portion of it does run through Indian territory, as do parts of the courses of its five major tributaries, listed below. These tributaries are the source of the name of the Punjab of South Asia; the name derives from the panch (“five”) and ab (“water”), hence the combination of the words (Punjab) means “land with the water of five rivers”. The Indus is 3,249 kilometres (2,019 mi) long.
The major rivers in the Indus river system are (in order of their length):
- Indus – 3,249 kilometres (2,019 mi)
- Sutlej – 1,600 kilometres (990 mi)
- Chenab – 960 kilometres (600 mi)
- Jhelum – 725 kilometres (450 mi)
- Ravi – 729 kilometres (453 mi)
- Beas – 484 kilometres (301 mi)
- Shyok – 216 kilometres (134 mi)
- Zanskar – 196 kilometres (122 mi)
- Galwan – 138 kilometres (86 mi) tributary of Shyok
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The peninsular river system
The main water divide in peninsular rivers is formed by the Western Ghats, which run from north to south close to the western coast. Most of the major rivers of the peninsula such as the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal. These rivers make a delta in their mouths. The Narmada, Sharavati, Periyar and Tapti are the only long rivers, which flow west and make estuaries.
प्रायद्वीपीय नदियों में मुख्य जल विभाजन पश्चिमी घाटों द्वारा निर्मित है, जो पश्चिमी तट के निकट उत्तर से दक्षिण की ओर चलते हैं। प्रायद्वीप की अधिकांश प्रमुख नदियाँ जैसे महानदी, गोदावरी, कृष्णा और कावेरी पूर्व की ओर बहती हैं और बंगाल की खाड़ी में गिरती हैं। ये नदियाँ अपने मुँह में डेल्टा बनाती हैं। नर्मदा, शरवती, पेरियार और ताप्ती एकमात्र लंबी नदियाँ हैं, जो पश्चिम की ओर बहती हैं और मुहाना बनाती हैं।