List Of Pronouns: A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or a noun phrase. Pronouns help keep our writing varied. Without pronouns, we would have to repeat the same noun over and over to tell a story. For example, if we want to write a story about Mary, we have to repeat her name constantly. A pronoun is used instead of a noun or a noun phrase in a sentence. A pronoun may take place of the name of a person, place or thing.
सर्वनामों की सूची: एक सर्वनाम एक ऐसा शब्द है जो संज्ञा या संज्ञा वाक्यांश को प्रतिस्थापित करता है। सर्वनाम हमारे लेखन को विविध बनाए रखने में मदद करते हैं। सर्वनाम के बिना, हमें एक कहानी बताने के लिए एक ही संज्ञा को बार-बार दोहराना होगा। उदाहरण के लिए, यदि हम मैरी के बारे में एक कहानी लिखना चाहते हैं, तो हमें उसका नाम लगातार दोहराना होगा। एक वाक्य में संज्ञा या संज्ञा वाक्यांश के बजाय एक सर्वनाम का उपयोग किया जाता है। सर्वनाम किसी व्यक्ति, स्थान या वस्तु के नाम के स्थान पर लग सकता है।
Types Of Pronouns
- Reflexive: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourselves, and ourselves
- Personal: subjective (he/ she, I, you and they); objective (me, you, her/ him, it, them, and us); possessive( hers/his, mine, yours, its, ours, and theirs)
- Relative: whom, that, who, and which
- Indefinite: all, any, anybody, everybody, everyone, another
- Demonstrative: this, that, these, and those
- Interrogative: who, what which, and what
- Intensive: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourselves, and ourselves
An antecedent, a noun or noun phrase, provides context for a pronoun. The antecedent allows readers to know what a particular pronoun is referring to. For example, it can refer to several different nouns: a garden hose, a shed, or almost any other noun you may need to mention.
Bold words are Pronouns and Italics are Antecedents.
- Mary decided that she would get off the car to visit her grandmother.
- The sun smiled as it set under the clouds.
Sometimes a writer will not need to explicitly include an antecedent. An antecedent is not necessary if the context of the sentence remains clear. If you know who is speaking, the pronouns I, I, and you can be clearly understood.
Technically, you can put a pronoun before an antecedent. Most people choose not to do this because it may confuse the reader.
- I like this! My beautiful yellow jacket makes me happy.
Types Of Pronouns With Examples
This type of pronoun is used to refer to a person, in this category you will see words such as I, we, you, they, he, she, …
- I have green eyes.
- They are coming to my house.
- You are my friend.
There are two types of personal pronouns: subject and object.
When the person or thing is the subject of the sentence, subject pronouns are used.
Subject pronoun list: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.
Subject Pronoun Examples:
- I like to watch TV, but he does not.
- You cannot judge a tree by its bark.
- She struck him on the nose.
- He studies hard to pass the exam.
Object pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence.
Object Pronoun List: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.
- Sophia likes me but not him.
- John will call you soon.
- Don’t tell her the truth.
- I helped him pull his boots off.
The reflexive pronoun will end in -self or -selves and is used in reference to another pronoun. Words within the category are himself, herself, themselves, yourself/ves, myself, and itself.
- He takes care of himself.
- She can do it by herself.
- You could travel by yourself.
In English, reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.
Reflexive pronoun list: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.
- She tried it herself.
- Tom hurt himself.
In English, they all end in –self or –selves and must refer to a noun phrase elsewhere in the same clause.
In English, possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership. They are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.
Possessive pronoun list: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.
- Do you see that woman over there? Her dog is very friendly.
- Is that your house? No, ours is the one beside it.
- his is my laptop. It’s mine.
- These books are mine, not yours.
- This is my brother‘s book. It’s his.
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This type of pronoun is used to indicate something, the words in the category are these, those, that, and this.
- These are the shoes that I am going to wear.
- He likes the green flowers but he prefers those red ones over there.
- I would like that one.
The demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, and those). They often distinguish their targets by pointing or some other indication of position. They can be either near or far in distance or time, specifically.
Demonstrative pronoun list: this, that, these, those.
- This is an enormous field.
- Can you see that?
- These are delicious cookies.
The indefinite pronoun is used to talk about something which is not specific. Words in the category are some, all, few, none, either, one, nobody, both, each, anyone, several etc.
- Nobody is going to the party.
- There are several people in my class.
- I like both of these photos.
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places. Indefinite Pronouns can also function as other parts of speech too, depending on context.
Indefinite Pronoun List: another, anybody/ anyone, anything, each, either, enough, everybody/ everyone, everything.
- I don’t want anyone to see it.
- Is there anything in that box?
- You can’t blame him for everything.
- Each company is fighting to protect its own commercial interests.
- Much has happened since we met.
- No one can cope with her in English.
This type of pronoun can be used as a way of giving additional information within a sentence, pronouns in this category are that, who, which, whom…
- This is my brother who lives in New Zealand.
- This is the ball that my dog likes best.
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that relates to the word that it modifies and is not specific. In English, relative pronouns are who, whom, which, whose, and that. They refer back to people or things previously mentioned, and they are used in relative clauses.
Relative pronoun list: who, whom, which, whose, that.
- The woman who called yesterday wants to buy the house.
- Now they were driving by the houses that Andy had described.
- She is an artist whose work I really admire.
- The author whom you criticized in your review has written a letter in reply.
The intensive pronoun is used as a reference to another pronoun or noun in the same sentence as a way of emphasizing it.
- The dog caught the ball itself.
- Sarah cooks dinner herself.
- I eat my candy myself.
An interrogative pronoun is used in a question, the words within the category are who, which, where, how and what.
- How many apples do you have?
- Which way is the hotel?
- Is that where the chair goes?
The reciprocal pronoun is used to show an action or feeling which is reciprocated, words in this category are one another and each other.
- They are happy with each other.
- The two friends really care about one another.
- As with all types of grammar, there are rules surrounding the use of pronouns. And if the pronoun is being used as a subject it is known as a subject pronoun and often appears at the beginning of a sentence, although this is not always the case. An example of this would be she went to the store. The words he, me, that, we, whoever, they, this etc are all subjective pronouns.
- Secondly, a subject pronoun can be used if they are renaming the sentence subject, in this case, they always come after the verb, these can be verbs such as were, am, are, have, etc. An example of this would be this is him or this is what he is talking about.
- Another rule is that if the word that is being used as a pronoun to refer to a person will take the form of the verb to which that person corresponds, this may sound strange because this rule is not always followed but an example might look like this is me going to town.
- Object pronouns are used to refer to the object of the sentence. Object pronouns can include the words him, me, her, we, them, etc. An example of this may have been Sarah having seen him. in this instance. It is the object of the observed action. When a possessive pronoun is used, the use of an apostrophe is never required.
Few More Examples
When using the pronouns who, that, and you must use singular or plural verbs, depending on what the pronoun is saying. For example, look at the following sentence.
- John is one of those men who loves fishing.
- John and Bob are two of these people who like fishing.
We can see that when the pronoun refers to two people as opposed to one the verb is modified to become plural.