List of Pandemics: A pandemic is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance, multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of individuals. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected individuals is not a pandemic. list of pandemics in history
In Hindi: List of Pandemics
List of Pandemics: एक महामारी एक संक्रामक बीमारी की महामारी है जो एक बड़े क्षेत्र में फैल गई है, उदाहरण के लिए, कई महाद्वीपों या दुनिया भर में, बड़ी संख्या में व्यक्तियों को प्रभावित करती है। संक्रमित व्यक्तियों की एक स्थिर संख्या के साथ एक व्यापक स्थानिक रोग एक महामारी नहीं है
Epidemics, Pandemics, and Outbreaks
You probably know that COVID-19, the illness caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, is a pandemic. But what’s the difference between a pandemic, an epidemic, and an outbreak? And when does a disease become a public health concern? Here are the basics of the spread of serious diseases and what you can do to protect yourself, your family, and your community.
An outbreak is when an illness happens in unexpectedly high numbers. It may stay in one area or extend more widely. An outbreak can last days or years. Sometimes, experts consider a single case of a contagious disease to be an outbreak. This may be true if it’s an unknown disease, if it’s new to a community, or if it’s been absent from a population for a long time.
An epidemic is when an infectious disease spreads quickly to more people than experts would expect. It usually affects a larger area than an outbreak.
A pandemic is a disease outbreak that spreads across countries or continents. It affects more people and takes more lives than an epidemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 to be a pandemic when it became clear that the illness was severe and that it was spreading quickly over a wide area.
21 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in history
- PREHISTORIC EPIDEMIC: CIRCA 3000 B.C.
- PLAGUE OF ATHENS: 430 B.C.
- ANTONINE PLAGUE: A.D. 165-180
- PLAGUE OF CYPRIAN: A.D. 250-271
- PLAGUE OF JUSTINIAN: A.D. 541-542
- THE BLACK DEATH: 1346-1353
- COCOLIZTLI EPIDEMIC: 1545-1548
- AMERICAN PLAGUES: 16TH CENTURY
- GREAT PLAGUE OF LONDON: 1665-1666
- GREAT PLAGUE OF MARSEILLE: 1720-1723
- RUSSIAN PLAGUE: 1770-1772
- PHILADELPHIA YELLOW FEVER EPIDEMIC: 1793
- FLU PANDEMIC: 1889-1890
- AMERICAN POLIO EPIDEMIC: 1916
- SPANISH FLU: 1918-1920
- ASIAN FLU: 1957-1958
- AIDS PANDEMIC AND EPIDEMIC: 1981-PRESENT DAY
- H1N1 SWINE FLU PANDEMIC: 2009-2010
- WEST AFRICAN EBOLA EPIDEMIC: 2014-2016
- ZIKA VIRUS EPIDEMIC: 2015-PRESENT DAY
- COVID-19 PANDEMIC: 2019-PRESENT DAY
Facts About Last 6 Deadly Pandemics
ASIAN FLU: 1957-1958
The Asian Flu pandemic was another global showing of influenza. With its roots in China, the disease claimed more than 1 million lives. The virus that caused the pandemic was a blend of avian flu viruses.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the disease spread rapidly and was reported in Singapore in February 1957, Hong Kong in April 1957, and the coastal cities of the United States in the summer of 1957. The total death toll was more than 1.1 million worldwide, with 116,000 deaths occurring in the United States.
AIDS PANDEMIC AND EPIDEMIC: 1981-PRESENT DAY
AIDS has claimed an estimated 35 million lives since it was first identified. HIV, which is the virus that causes AIDS, likely developed from a chimpanzee virus that transferred to humans in West Africa in the 1920s. The virus made its way around the world, and AIDS was a pandemic by the late 20th century. Now, about 64% of the estimated 40 million living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) live in sub-Saharan Africa.
For decades, the disease had no known cure, but medication developed in the 1990s now allows people with the disease to experience a normal life span with regular treatment. Even more encouraging, two people have been cured of HIV as of early 2020.
H1N1 SWINE FLU PANDEMIC: 2009-2010
The 2009 swine flu pandemic was caused by a new strain of H1N1 that originated in Mexico in the spring of 2009 before spreading to the rest of the world. In one year, the virus infected as many as 1.4 billion people across the globe and killed between 151,700 and 575,400 people, according to the CDC(
The 2009 flu pandemic primarily affected children and young adults, and 80% of the deaths were in people younger than 65, the CDC reported. That was unusual, considering that most strains of flu viruses, including those that cause seasonal flu, cause the highest percentage of deaths in people ages 65 and older.
But in the case of the swine flu, older people seemed to have already built up enough immunity to the group of viruses that H1N1 belongs to, so weren’t affected as much. A vaccine for the H1N1 virus that caused the swine flu is now included in the annual flu vaccine.
WEST AFRICAN EBOLA EPIDEMIC: 2014-2016
Ebola ravaged West Africa between 2014 and 2016, with 28,600 reported cases and 11,325 deaths. The first case to be reported was in Guinea in December 2013, then the disease quickly spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. The bulk of the cases and deaths occurred in those three countries. A smaller number of cases occurred in Nigeria, Mali, Senegal, the United States and Europe, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.
There is no cure for Ebola, although efforts at finding a vaccine are ongoing. The first known cases of Ebola occurred in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976, and the virus may have originated in bats.
ZIKA VIRUS EPIDEMIC: 2015-PRESENT DAY
The impact of the recent Zika epidemic in South America and Central America won’t be known for several years. In the meantime, scientists face a race against time to bring the virus under control. The Zika virus is usually spread through mosquitoes of the Aedes genus, although it can also be sexually transmitted in humans.
While Zika is usually not harmful to adults or children, it can attack infants who are still in the womb and cause birth defects. The type of mosquitoes that carry Zika flourish best in warm, humid climates, making South America, Central America and parts of the southern United States prime areas for the virus to flourish.
COVID-19 PANDEMIC: 2019-PRESENT DAY
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, driven by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, may be the world’s deadliest viral outbreak in more than a century. From the virus’ initial detection in December 2019 to mid-December 2020, the pathogen infected at least 75 million people and caused 1.6 million deaths, Live Science previously reported. As of Sept. 2021, COVID-19 had killed more people in the U.S. than the so-called Spanish flu did during the 1918 flu pandemic.
That said, in total, the 1918 pandemic claimed more than 50 million lives worldwide, out of a global population of roughly 1.8 billion people; the death toll was high, in part, because no vaccines were available at the time and doctors lacked antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections. By comparison, today’s global population is nearly 8 billion, and as of mid-August 2022, about 6.4 million people had died of COVID-19, although the reported number of confirmed deaths is likely lower than the true total.
FAQs on List of Pandemics
Where was COVID-19 first discovered?
The first known infections from SARS-CoV-2 were discovered in Wuhan, China. The original source of viral transmission to humans remains unclear, as does whether the virus became pathogenic before or after the spillover event.
What is a disease outbreak?
A disease outbreak is the occurrence of disease cases in excess of normal expectancy. The number of cases varies according to the disease-causing agent, and the size and type of previous and existing exposure to the agent.
Disease outbreaks are usually caused by an infection, transmitted through person-to-person contact, animal-to-person contact, or from the environment or other media. Outbreaks may also occur following exposure to chemicals or to radioactive materials.
Who issued the official name of COVID-19?
The official names COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2 were issued by the WHO on 11 February 2020.
Which Omicron-specific COVID-19 vaccine was approved by the UK?
The MHRA said the Spikevax vaccine met the standards of safety, quality and effectiveness. During trials, the vaccine triggered a strong immune response against both strains. In an analysis, the bivalent vaccine was also found to generate a good; immune response against the omicron sub-variants BA.4 and BA.5.
Can you get COVID-19 twice?
Anyone can get COVID-19 more than once. But some people have more risk of reinfection. Unvaccinated people. Studies show unvaccinated people who already had COVID-19 are more than twice as likely as fully vaccinated people to get reinfected.
How Zika Virus Spread?
Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected; Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These are the same mosquitoes that spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
जीका वायरस मुख्य रूप से एक संक्रमित एडीज प्रजाति के मच्छर (एई इजिप्टी और एई अल्बोपिक्टस) के काटने से; लोगों में फैलता है। ये वही मच्छर हैं जो डेंगू और चिकनगुनिया के वायरस फैलाते हैं। list of pandemic diseases