List Of Olympic Medals: The gold, silver and bronze medals awarded to competitors in the Olympics and Paralympics represent the highest level of athletic achievement in the Games. And the design of the medals is the responsibility of the host city’s organizing committee and varies with each edition of the Games. There are three classes of medals to be won: gold, silver, and bronze, awarded to first, second, and third place, respectively. The granting of awards is laid out in detail in the Olympic protocols.
ओलंपिक पदकों की सूची: ओलंपिक और पैरालिंपिक में प्रतियोगियों को दिए जाने वाले स्वर्ण, रजत और कांस्य पदक खेलों में एथलेटिक उपलब्धि के उच्चतम स्तर का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं। और पदकों का डिजाइन मेजबान शहर की आयोजन समिति की जिम्मेदारी है और खेलों के प्रत्येक संस्करण के साथ बदलता रहता है। जीते जाने वाले पदकों के तीन वर्ग हैं: स्वर्ण, रजत और कांस्य, जिन्हें क्रमशः प्रथम, द्वितीय और तृतीय स्थान दिया जाता है। पुरस्कार प्रदान करने के बारे में ओलंपिक प्रोटोकॉल में विस्तार से बताया गया है।
Awarded for: Given to successful competitors in.
Presented by: International Olympic Committee
First award: 1896
Introduction and Early History
The olive wreath was the prize for the winner in the ancient Olympic Games. It was an olive branch from a wild-olive tree growing in Olympia, which was intertwined to form a circle or horseshoe. According to Pausanias, it was offered by Heracles as a prize for the winner of a race run to honour Zeus.
When the modern Olympic Games began in 1896, medals were awarded to successful Olympian competitors. However, gold medals were not awarded at the inaugural Olympics in Athens, Greece in 1896. Instead, the winners were given a silver medal and an olive branch, while the runners-up received a laurel branch and a copper or bronze medallion. A silver medal from the 1900 Summer Olympics, designed by Frederick Vernon
The 1900 Summer Olympics is unique in being the only Olympic Games to have rectangular medals, which were designed by Frederick Vernon. Gilt silver medals were awarded for first place in Shooting, Life-Saving, Automobile Racing and Gymnastics. While the second place was given to shooting, rowing, rowing, tennis, gymnastics, sabre, fencing, horse riding and athletics. With bronze medals in gymnastics, firefighting and shooting she finished third. However, medals were not awarded in many sports. Most of the listed prizes are cups and other trophies.
From the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri in the United States it is customary to have a sequence of gold, silver, and bronze for the first three places in all events. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) retroactively awarded gold, silver and bronze medals to the three best athletes in each of the 1896 and 1900 Games events. If there is a tie for any of the top three places, all the contestants are entitled to receive the appropriate medal in accordance with IOC rules. Some combat sports (such as boxing, judo, taekwondo and wrestling) award two bronze medals per competition, resulting in more bronze medals overall than in other colours.
Medals are not the only awards given to competitors; Each athlete from first to eighth place receives an Olympic diploma. Also, the names of all the medal winners are written on a wall in the main host stadium. Finally, as explained below, all athletes receive a participation medal and diploma.
Production and Design (List Of Olympics Medals)
Collection of medals won by Polish athletes at the Museum of Sports and Tourism in Warsaw
The IOC determines the physical properties of the medals and makes the final decision about the finished design. Specifications for medals are developed with the National Olympic Committee (NOC) hosting the Games, although the IOC has brought in some set rules.
Recipients: The top three contestants receive medals
Shape: Usually circular, with attachment for chain or ribbon
Diameter: At least 60mm
Thickness: At least 3mm
1st Place (Gold Medal): Contains at least 92.5% silver, with 6 grams of gold plated; The value of the metal in 2010 was approximately US$494. At the 2020 Summer Olympics, held in Tokyo, Japan, in 2021, the medal cost at its current price is approximately $800.
2nd place (Silver medal): 92.5% Silver; The value of the metal in 2010 was approximately US$260.  In Tokyo, Japan, the medal is priced at $460. 3rd place (bronze medal): in 2010 it was 97% copper with 0.5% tin and 2.5% zinc; In 2010 the value of the metal was around US$3. At the Tokyo Games, it was 95% copper and 5% zinc, with a metal value of about $5.
Description of the Event (List Of Olympic Medals)
The sport for which the medal is awarded should be marked with the medal. The first Olympic medal in 1896 was designed by French sculptor Jules-Clément Chaplain and depicts Zeus with Nike, the Greek goddess of victory, on the back and the Acropolis on the back. They were made by the Paris Mint, which also produced medals for the 1900 Olympic Games organized by Paris. This started the tradition of assigning the responsibility of winning the medal to the host city. For the next few Olympiads, the host city also chose the medal design. Until 1912, gold medals were made of solid gold.
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Custom Reverse Design
The German Olympic Committee, the National Olympische Kommeti für Deutschland, was the first Summer Games organizer to elect to replace the reverse of the medal. The 1972 design was created by Gerhard Marx, an artist from Bauhaus, and includes the legendary twin’s Castor and Pollux.  The host city’s organizing committee has since been given the freedom to design the reverse, with the IOC giving final approval.
Comparison Between Summer and Winter Olympic Games
The IOC’s final decision on the specifications of each design for all Olympic medals, including the Summer Games, Winter Games and Paralympic Games. There has been a great variety of designs for winter sports; Unlike the Summer Games, the IOC never mandated a particular design. The medals at the inaugural 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, did not even have an Olympic ring. Nike was featured on medals from the 1932 and 1936 Games but has since appeared on only one medal design. A regular snowflake is used, while laurel leaves and crown appear in many designs. The Olympic motto Citius, Altius, Fortius is based on four Winter Games medals but does not appear on any Summer Games medals.
For three consecutive events, the hosts of the Winter Games incorporated various materials into the medals: glass (1992), Ephraimite (1994), and lacquer (1998). It was not until the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China that a Summer Olympics host decided to use something different, in this case, the Z. While every Summer Olympic medal has been circular except for the 1900 Games, the shape of the Winter Games has been much more varied. Winter Games medals are also generally larger, thicker and heavier than those of Summer Games.
List Of Countries Made the Summer Olympics Medals With Year
|1904||St. Louis, Missouri, US|
|1908||London, Great Britain|
|1932||Los Angeles, California, US|
|1948||London, Great Britain|
|1968||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1972||Munich, West Germany|
|1984||Los Angeles, California, US|
|1988||Seoul, South Korea|
|2016||Rio DE Janeiro, Brazil|
List of Countries Made the Winter Olympics Medals With Year
|1932||Lake Placid, US|
|1956||Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy|
|1960||Squaw Valley, US|
|1980||Lake Placid, US|
|1988||Calgary, Alberta, Canada|
|2002||Salt Lake City, US|
|2010||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|2014||Sochi, Russian Federation|
|2018||Pyeongchang Country, South Korea|
Demonstration (List of Olympic Medals)
Jim Thorpe receives his medal at the 1912 Summer Olympics The presentation of medals and awards varied greatly until the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, which has now become the norm. Before 1932 all medals were awarded at the closing ceremony, in which athletes wore evening dress for the first few games. Originally the dignitaries present were stationary while the athletes entered past to receive their medals. The Victory Podium was introduced in 1931 at the personal instruction of Henri de Ballet-Latour, who saw the one used at the 1930 British Empire Games. The winner is on a high in the middle, with the silver medalist on the right and the bronze on the left.
At the 1932 Winter Olympics, medals were awarded at the closing ceremony, with athletes for each event, in turn, climbing the podium for the first time. At the Summer Olympics, the Coliseum’s competitors first received their medals immediately after each event; Competitors at other places came to the Coliseum the next day to receive their medals. In later games, there has been a victory stage at each competition venue.
The 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy was the first in which medals were placed around athletes’ necks. The medals are hung from a series of laurel leaves, while they are now hung from a coloured ribbon. When Athens hosted the 2004 Summer Olympics, the contestants on the podium were also crowned with an olive garland. At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, each medalist received a wooden statue of the Olympic logo.