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List of Mughal Emperors, Summary of First Six Mughal Emperors Of India, Who is the Last Mughal Emperor?

List of Mughal Emperors: The Mughal or Mughal emperor was the supreme head of state on the Indian subcontinent and the ruler of the Mughal Empire, which corresponded mainly to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. The Mughals began ruling parts of India in 1526 and ruled most of the subcontinent until 1707. After that, he declined rapidly but ruled nominally until the 1850s. The Mughals were a branch of the Timur dynasty of Turco-Mongol origin from Central Asia. Their founder Babur, a Timur prince from the Fergana Valley (modern Uzbekistan), was a direct descendant of Timur (commonly known in Western countries as Tamerlane) and was also linked to Genghis Khan through Timur’s marriage to Genghis Khan.

Many later Mughal emperors had significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances as emperors were born to Rajput and Persian princesses. For example, Akbar was half Persian (his mother was of Persian origin), Jahangir was half Rajput and quarter Persian and Shah Jahan was three-quarters Rajput. During Aurangzeb’s reign, the empire, as the world’s largest economy, controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent, from Chittagong in the east to Kabul and Balochistan in the west, worth more than 25% of global GDP. In the north, it extended up to Kashmir. Cauvery river basin in the south.

In Hindi:

मुगल या मुगल सम्राट भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप पर राज्य का सर्वोच्च प्रमुख और मुगल साम्राज्य का शासक था, जो मुख्य रूप से भारत, पाकिस्तान, अफगानिस्तान और बांग्लादेश के आधुनिक देशों से मेल खाता था। मुगलों ने 1526 में भारत के कुछ हिस्सों पर शासन करना शुरू किया और 1707 तक अधिकांश उपमहाद्वीप पर शासन किया। उसके बाद, उन्होंने तेजी से गिरावट आई लेकिन 1850 के दशक तक नाममात्र का शासन किया। मुगल मध्य एशिया से तुर्क-मंगोल मूल के तैमूर वंश की एक शाखा थे। उनके संस्थापक बाबर, फ़रगना घाटी (आधुनिक उज़्बेकिस्तान) के एक तैमूर राजकुमार, तैमूर (आमतौर पर पश्चिमी देशों में तामेरलेन के रूप में जाने जाते हैं) के प्रत्यक्ष वंशज थे और चंगेज खान से तैमूर की शादी के माध्यम से चंगेज खान से भी जुड़े थे।

कई बाद के मुगल सम्राटों के विवाह गठबंधनों के माध्यम से महत्वपूर्ण भारतीय राजपूत और फारसी वंश थे क्योंकि सम्राट राजपूत और फारसी राजकुमारियों के लिए पैदा हुए थे। उदाहरण के लिए, अकबर आधा फारसी था (उनकी मां फारसी मूल की थी), जहांगीर आधा राजपूत और चौथाई फारसी था और शाहजहां तीन-चौथाई राजपूत था। औरंगजेब के शासनकाल के दौरान, साम्राज्य, दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी अर्थव्यवस्था के रूप में, लगभग पूरे भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप को नियंत्रित करता था, पूर्व में चटगांव से लेकर पश्चिम में काबुल और बलूचिस्तान तक, वैश्विक सकल घरेलू उत्पाद का 25% से अधिक मूल्य। उत्तर में, यह कश्मीर तक फैला हुआ था। दक्षिण में कावेरी नदी बेसिन।

List of Mughal Emperors in India (1526-1857)

Mughal EmperorsReign
Babur1526–1530
HumayunI- 1530–1540
II – 1555–1556
Akbar (was one of the youngest rulers. Became a ruler at the age of 13)1556-1605
Jahangir1605–1627
Saha Jahan1628–1658
Aurangzeb1658–1707
Bahadur Shah I (also known as Muazzam/Shah Alam I)1707–1712
Jahandar Shah1712–1713
Furrukhsiyar1713–1719
Rafi Ul-Darjat1719
Rafi Ud-Daulat1719
Muhammad Ibrahim (Claimant to the throne)1720
Muhammad Shah (also called Rangeela)1719–1720
1720–1748
Ahmad Shah Bahadur1748–1754
Alamgir1754–1759
Shah Jahan1759-1760
Shah Alam1760-1806
Akbar Shah1806–1837
Bahadur Shah II1837–1857
List Of Mughal Emperors

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First Mughal Emperor: Babur

Babur (born Zahir-ud-din Muhammad; February 14, 1483–December 26, 1530) was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India. His descendants, the Mughal emperors, built a long-lasting empire that covered much of the subcontinent by 1868, and which continues to shape India’s culture today. Babur himself was of noble blood; On his father’s side, he was a Timur, a Persianized Turk who was a descendant of Timur the Lame, and on his mother’s side he was a descendant of Genghis Khan.

List Of Mughal Emperor
First Mughal Emperor Babur (List of Mughal Emperors)

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Fast Facts: Babur

  • Known For: Babur conquered the Indian subcontinent and established the Mughal Empire.
  • Also Known As Zahir-ud-din Muhammad
  • Born: February 14, 1483 in Andijan, Timurid Empire
  • Parents: Omar Sheikh Mirza and Qutlaq Nigaar Khanum
  • Died: 26 December 1530 at Agra, Mughal Empire
  • Spouse: Ayesha Sultan Begum, Zainab Sultan Begum, Masoom Sultan Begum, Meham Begum, Dildar Begum, Gulnar Aghacha, Gulrukh Begum, Mubarika Yousafzai
  • Children: 17

Second Mughal Emperor: Humayun

Humayun, also known as Nasir al-Din Muhammad, (born March 6, 1508, Kabul [Afghanistan] – January 1556, Delhi [India]), the second Mughal ruler of India, was more courageous than the consolidator of his empire. Babur’s son and successor, who founded the Mughal dynasty, Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556.

Second Mughal Emperor Humayun
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Third Mughal Emperor: Akbar

Emperor Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great or Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, was the third
Emperor of the Mughal Empire after Babur and Humayun. He was the son of Naseeruddin
Humayun succeeded him as emperor in the year 1556, when he was only 13 years old.
One of the most successful emperors of the Mughal Empire, Akbar also held an important
Contribution to the field of art. In addition to starting a large collection of literature, he
Many magnificent buildings were constructed during his reign.

List of Mughal Emperors
Third Mughal Emperor Akbar

Fourth Mughal Emperor: Jahangir

Jahangir, also known as Jahangir, was the fourth emperor of the Mughal dynasty. His original name was Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim and he was the eldest son of the great Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. His mother’s name was Maryam-uz-Zamani. He was born on August 31, 1569, in Fatehpur Sikri, India.
Parents: Jodha Bai, Akbar the Great
Empire: Mughal Empire
Spouse: Khas Mahal, Noor Jahan

Fourth Mughal Emperor Jahangir

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Fifth Mughal emperor: Shah Jahan

Ha Jahan, also called Shah Jahan or Shah Jahan, also known as (until 1628) Prince Khurram, original name Shihab al-Din Muhammad Khurram, (born January 5, 1592, Lahore [now in Pakistan] – January 22, 1666, Agra [ now in India]), the Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal.

He was the third son of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and the Rajput princess Manmati. In 1612 he married Arjimand Bani Begum, niece of Jahangir’s wife Nur Jahan, and became a member of the influential Nur Jahan faction of the middle period of Jahangir’s reign, as Prince Khurram. In 1622, Khurram, ambitious to win the succession, revolted, roaming the empire ineffectively until reconciled with Jahangir in 1625. After Jahangir’s death in 1627, the support of Nur Jahan’s brother Saf Khan enabled Shah Jahan to declare himself emperor at Agra (February). 1628).

Fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (List of Mughal Emperors)

Sixth Mughal Emperor: Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb, Aurangzeb, Arabic Avarangzeb, the title of king lamgīr, original name Mul al-Dn Muhammad, (born 3 November 1618, Dhod, Malwa [India] – died 3 March 1707), emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors. Under him, the Mughal Empire reached its zenith, although his policies helped to dissolve it.

List of Mughal Emperors
Sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
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Last Mughal Emperor: Bahadur Shah ||

Bahadur Shah II, known in history as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was the last Mughal emperor to be at the helm from 1837 to 1857. And he was born on October 24, 1775, and was the son of Akbar Shah II. He was over sixty years old when he ascended the throne of Delhi. And he was a very good poet and calligrapher as well as a Sufi.

Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah 2

FAQs

How many Mughal emperors are there?

These six emperors are sometimes known collectively as the Great Mughals, and the military, artistic and political glory of the empire is inextricably linked to their personal biographies.

Is the Mughal family still alive?

Everybody’s dead. Bahadur Shah’s children were killed by the British after the First War of Independence in 1857.

Who was the richest Mughal emperor?

Akbar I (1542-1605, emperor of the Mughal dynasty of India) – incomparable wealth.

Who defeated the Mughals 17 times?

Yes, the mighty Ahoms fought and won against the Mughal Empire seventeen times! In fact, they were the only dynasty that was not under the Mughal Empire.

Who was the most beautiful Mughal princess?

Jahanara Begum (23 March 1614 – 16 September 1681) was a Mughal princess and later Padshah Begum of the Mughal Empire from 1631 to 1658 and again from 1668 until her death.

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Which Mughal emperor had only one wife?

Aurangzeb, one of the most debated Mughal emperors
Unlike other rulers, he had only one wife. He was a devoted worshiper and hence known as Zinda Pir (Living Saint).

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