List of Mughal Emperors: The Mughal or Mughal emperor was the supreme head of state on the Indian subcontinent and the ruler of the Mughal Empire, which corresponded mainly to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. The Mughals began ruling parts of India in 1526 and ruled most of the subcontinent until 1707. After that, he declined rapidly but ruled nominally until the 1850s. The Mughals were a branch of the Timur dynasty of Turco-Mongol origin from Central Asia. Their founder Babur, a Timur prince from the Fergana Valley (modern Uzbekistan), was a direct descendant of Timur (commonly known in Western countries as Tamerlane) and was also linked to Genghis Khan through Timur’s marriage to Genghis Khan.
Many later Mughal emperors had significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances as emperors were born to Rajput and Persian princesses. For example, Akbar was half Persian (his mother was of Persian origin), Jahangir was half Rajput and quarter Persian and Shah Jahan was three-quarters Rajput. During Aurangzeb’s reign, the empire, as the world’s largest economy, controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent, from Chittagong in the east to Kabul and Balochistan in the west, worth more than 25% of global GDP. In the north, it extended up to Kashmir. Cauvery river basin in the south.
मुगल या मुगल सम्राट भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप पर राज्य का सर्वोच्च प्रमुख और मुगल साम्राज्य का शासक था, जो मुख्य रूप से भारत, पाकिस्तान, अफगानिस्तान और बांग्लादेश के आधुनिक देशों से मेल खाता था। मुगलों ने 1526 में भारत के कुछ हिस्सों पर शासन करना शुरू किया और 1707 तक अधिकांश उपमहाद्वीप पर शासन किया। उसके बाद, उन्होंने तेजी से गिरावट आई लेकिन 1850 के दशक तक नाममात्र का शासन किया। मुगल मध्य एशिया से तुर्क-मंगोल मूल के तैमूर वंश की एक शाखा थे। उनके संस्थापक बाबर, फ़रगना घाटी (आधुनिक उज़्बेकिस्तान) के एक तैमूर राजकुमार, तैमूर (आमतौर पर पश्चिमी देशों में तामेरलेन के रूप में जाने जाते हैं) के प्रत्यक्ष वंशज थे और चंगेज खान से तैमूर की शादी के माध्यम से चंगेज खान से भी जुड़े थे।
कई बाद के मुगल सम्राटों के विवाह गठबंधनों के माध्यम से महत्वपूर्ण भारतीय राजपूत और फारसी वंश थे क्योंकि सम्राट राजपूत और फारसी राजकुमारियों के लिए पैदा हुए थे। उदाहरण के लिए, अकबर आधा फारसी था (उनकी मां फारसी मूल की थी), जहांगीर आधा राजपूत और चौथाई फारसी था और शाहजहां तीन-चौथाई राजपूत था। औरंगजेब के शासनकाल के दौरान, साम्राज्य, दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी अर्थव्यवस्था के रूप में, लगभग पूरे भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप को नियंत्रित करता था, पूर्व में चटगांव से लेकर पश्चिम में काबुल और बलूचिस्तान तक, वैश्विक सकल घरेलू उत्पाद का 25% से अधिक मूल्य। उत्तर में, यह कश्मीर तक फैला हुआ था। दक्षिण में कावेरी नदी बेसिन।
List of Mughal Emperors in India (1526-1857)
II – 1555–1556
|Akbar (was one of the youngest rulers. Became a ruler at the age of 13)||1556-1605|
|Bahadur Shah I (also known as Muazzam/Shah Alam I)||1707–1712|
|Muhammad Ibrahim (Claimant to the throne)||1720|
|Muhammad Shah (also called Rangeela)||1719–1720|
|Ahmad Shah Bahadur||1748–1754|
|Bahadur Shah II||1837–1857|
First Mughal Emperor: Babur
Babur (born Zahir-ud-din Muhammad; February 14, 1483–December 26, 1530) was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India. His descendants, the Mughal emperors, built a long-lasting empire that covered much of the subcontinent by 1868, and which continues to shape India’s culture today. Babur himself was of noble blood; On his father’s side, he was a Timur, a Persianized Turk who was a descendant of Timur the Lame, and on his mother’s side he was a descendant of Genghis Khan.
Fast Facts: Babur
- Known For: Babur conquered the Indian subcontinent and established the Mughal Empire.
- Also Known As Zahir-ud-din Muhammad
- Born: February 14, 1483 in Andijan, Timurid Empire
- Parents: Omar Sheikh Mirza and Qutlaq Nigaar Khanum
- Died: 26 December 1530 at Agra, Mughal Empire
- Spouse: Ayesha Sultan Begum, Zainab Sultan Begum, Masoom Sultan Begum, Meham Begum, Dildar Begum, Gulnar Aghacha, Gulrukh Begum, Mubarika Yousafzai
- Children: 17
Second Mughal Emperor: Humayun
Humayun, also known as Nasir al-Din Muhammad, (born March 6, 1508, Kabul [Afghanistan] – January 1556, Delhi [India]), the second Mughal ruler of India, was more courageous than the consolidator of his empire. Babur’s son and successor, who founded the Mughal dynasty, Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556.
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Third Mughal Emperor: Akbar
Emperor Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great or Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, was the third
Emperor of the Mughal Empire after Babur and Humayun. He was the son of Naseeruddin
Humayun succeeded him as emperor in the year 1556, when he was only 13 years old.
One of the most successful emperors of the Mughal Empire, Akbar also held an important
Contribution to the field of art. In addition to starting a large collection of literature, he
Many magnificent buildings were constructed during his reign.
Fourth Mughal Emperor: Jahangir
Jahangir, also known as Jahangir, was the fourth emperor of the Mughal dynasty. His original name was Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim and he was the eldest son of the great Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. His mother’s name was Maryam-uz-Zamani. He was born on August 31, 1569, in Fatehpur Sikri, India.
Parents: Jodha Bai, Akbar the Great
Empire: Mughal Empire
Spouse: Khas Mahal, Noor Jahan
Fifth Mughal emperor: Shah Jahan
Ha Jahan, also called Shah Jahan or Shah Jahan, also known as (until 1628) Prince Khurram, original name Shihab al-Din Muhammad Khurram, (born January 5, 1592, Lahore [now in Pakistan] – January 22, 1666, Agra [ now in India]), the Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal.
He was the third son of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and the Rajput princess Manmati. In 1612 he married Arjimand Bani Begum, niece of Jahangir’s wife Nur Jahan, and became a member of the influential Nur Jahan faction of the middle period of Jahangir’s reign, as Prince Khurram. In 1622, Khurram, ambitious to win the succession, revolted, roaming the empire ineffectively until reconciled with Jahangir in 1625. After Jahangir’s death in 1627, the support of Nur Jahan’s brother Saf Khan enabled Shah Jahan to declare himself emperor at Agra (February). 1628).
Sixth Mughal Emperor: Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb, Aurangzeb, Arabic Avarangzeb, the title of king lamgīr, original name Mul al-Dn Muhammad, (born 3 November 1618, Dhod, Malwa [India] – died 3 March 1707), emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors. Under him, the Mughal Empire reached its zenith, although his policies helped to dissolve it.
Last Mughal Emperor: Bahadur Shah ||
Bahadur Shah II, known in history as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was the last Mughal emperor to be at the helm from 1837 to 1857. And he was born on October 24, 1775, and was the son of Akbar Shah II. He was over sixty years old when he ascended the throne of Delhi. And he was a very good poet and calligrapher as well as a Sufi.
How many Mughal emperors are there?
These six emperors are sometimes known collectively as the Great Mughals, and the military, artistic and political glory of the empire is inextricably linked to their personal biographies.
Is the Mughal family still alive?
Everybody’s dead. Bahadur Shah’s children were killed by the British after the First War of Independence in 1857.
Who was the richest Mughal emperor?
Akbar I (1542-1605, emperor of the Mughal dynasty of India) – incomparable wealth.
Who defeated the Mughals 17 times?
Yes, the mighty Ahoms fought and won against the Mughal Empire seventeen times! In fact, they were the only dynasty that was not under the Mughal Empire.
Who was the most beautiful Mughal princess?
Jahanara Begum (23 March 1614 – 16 September 1681) was a Mughal princess and later Padshah Begum of the Mughal Empire from 1631 to 1658 and again from 1668 until her death.
Which Mughal emperor had only one wife?
Aurangzeb, one of the most debated Mughal emperors
Unlike other rulers, he had only one wife. He was a devoted worshiper and hence known as Zinda Pir (Living Saint).