List of Idioms: An idiom is a phrase or expression that typically presents a figurative, non-literal meaning attached to the phrase; but some phrases become figurative idioms while retaining the literal meaning of the phrase. Categorized as formulaic language, an idiom’s figurative meaning is different from the literal meaning. An idiom is a widely used saying or expression that contains a figurative meaning that is different from the phrase’s literal meaning. For example, if you say you’re feeling “under the weather,” you don’t literally mean that you’re standing underneath the rain. list of idioms and phrases
In Hindi: List of Idioms
List of Idioms: मुहावरा एक वाक्यांश या अभिव्यक्ति है जो आम तौर पर वाक्यांश से जुड़ा एक लाक्षणिक, गैर-शाब्दिक अर्थ प्रस्तुत करता है; लेकिन कुछ वाक्यांश वाक्यांश के शाब्दिक अर्थ को बनाए रखते हुए लाक्षणिक मुहावरे बन जाते हैं। सूत्रीय भाषा के रूप में वर्गीकृत, एक मुहावरे का लाक्षणिक अर्थ शाब्दिक अर्थ से अलग होता है। मुहावरा एक व्यापक रूप से इस्तेमाल की जाने वाली कहावत या अभिव्यक्ति है जिसमें एक लाक्षणिक अर्थ होता है जो वाक्यांश के शाब्दिक अर्थ से अलग होता है। उदाहरण के लिए, यदि आप कहते हैं कि आप “मौसम के तहत” महसूस कर रहे हैं, तो इसका मतलब यह नहीं है कि आप बारिश के नीचे खड़े हैं list of useful idioms
15 List of Idioms with their Meanings and Sentences
Here are the most common 20 idioms with their meanings and sentences:
- A left-handed compliment
- Meaning: Saying something insulting in the form of appreciative words.
- Example: Her words on my blog seem like a left-handed compliment.
- Once in a blue moon
- Meaning: Not very often
- Example: I visit her place once in a blue moon.
- Call a spade a spade
- Meaning: Talking frankly
- Example: I will not lie about it and call a spade a spade.
- Flesh and blood
- Meaning: Referring to someone in the family or human nature
- Example: It’s flesh and blood to feel such strong emotions at this time.
- Jam on the brakes
- Meaning: Press the brakes of a vehicle suddenly
- Example: I had to jam on the brakes when I saw the deer.
- Notch up
- Meaning: To win or create a record
- Example: One Direction notched up the finale with their amazing voice!
- A slap on the wrist
- Meaning: Just a small punishment
- Example: You will get a slap on the wrist for painting this wall but don’t dare to do it again.
- Knee Jerk Reaction
- Meaning: A quick response
- Example: The statement was just a knee-jerk reaction.
- Once bitten, twice shy
- Meaning: Afraid of doing something again
- Example: Once bitten twice shy, he can’t ski.
- Forty winks
- Meaning: A short nap
- Example: I will be just in for forty winks, I promise.
- Up for grabs
- Meaning: Available for everyone
- Example: This pizza slice is up for grabs!
- Old as the hills
- Meaning: Someone very old
- Example: The man looks as old as the hills.
- Back to square one
- Meaning: Start all over again
- Example: Your mistake brought us back to square one.
- Round the bend
- Meaning: Crazy
- Example: My neighbour is round the bend, don’t try to mess with her.
7 More Idioms with Examples and their Meaning for Students
- Shoot from the hip
- Meaning: To speak bluntly or rashly without thinking carefully
- Example: Don’t feel bad about what he said. He has a habit of shooting from the hip, but he means no harm
- Shoot oneself in the foot
- Meaning: To harm one’s own cause inadvertently
- Example: Foolishly harm one’s own cause, as in He really shot himself in the foot, telling the interviewer all about the others who were applying for the job he wanted.
- In cold blood
- Meaning: If you do something violent and cruel in cold blood, you do it deliberately and in an unemotional way.
- Example: In a purposely ruthless and unfeeling manner, as in The whole family was murdered in cold blood.
- Draw first blood
- Meaning: If you draw first blood, you cause the first damage to an opponent in a conflict or contest.
- Example: To be the first to gain an advantage or score against an opponent. I drew first blood in the tournament and quickly dispatched my opponent.
- Ace up one’s sleeve
- Meaning: A secret or hidden advantage that you can use when you need it
- Example: Cheating at a card game by hiding a favourable card up one’s sleeve. I have an ace up my sleeve for this race—my stamina.
- Play your cards right
- Meaning: To behave or work in a way that gives you an advantage or improves your odds of success.
- Example: Play your cards right in college and you’ll get a great job after you graduate
- Egg on your face
- Meaning: If you’ve egg on your face, you look stupid and face embarrassment because of something you’ve done.
- Example: Terry had egg on his face after boasting that the examinations were really easy, but ended up failing most of his papers.
What Is an Idiom?
An idiom is a widely used saying or expression that contains a figurative meaning that is different from the phrase’s literal meaning. For example, if you say you’re feeling “under the weather,” you don’t literally mean that you’re standing underneath the rain. “Under the weather” is an idiom that is universally understood to mean sick or ill.
Idioms often summarize or reflect a commonly held cultural experience, even if that experience is now out of date or antiquated. For instance, you might say that someone should “bite the bullet” when they need to do something undesirable. The phrase’s origin refers to wounded soldiers literally biting down on a bullet to avoid screaming during a wartime operation. That common occurrence from the past resulted in a phrase we still use today.
These phrases are also unique to their language of origin. In other words, English idioms are different from Spanish or French idioms.
What Is the Purpose of Idioms in Writing?
Idioms are a type of figurative language that can be used to add dynamism and character to otherwise stale writing. You can also use idioms to:
Express Complex Ideas in a Simple Way.
Oftentimes, idioms can help express a large or abstract idea in a way that is succinct and easy to understand. For instance, you could say that two things are impossible to compare to one another because they possess different traits or meanings. Or you could simply say that it’s like “comparing apples to oranges.” In this case, the use of an idiom helps to express the same idea in a much simpler way.
Add Humor To Your Writing.
Idiomatic expressions can help transform flat descriptions with the help of a funny turn-of-phrase. For instance, rather than describing someone as being not very smart, you could say that he is “not the sharpest tool in the shed” or “not the brightest star in the sky.” In addition to conveying that the subject in question is not intelligent, the inherent comparison of a person’s brain to a toolbox or a star is unexpected and humorous.
Keep Your Reader Stimulated.
By inserting an idiomatic phrase into your writing, you force the reader to shift from thinking literally to abstractly. This can help keep the reader stay focused and excited, as they must activate a more conceptual part of their brain in order to comprehend the idiom’s meaning. By describing someone taking on a larger task than they may have been prepared for as “biting off more than they can chew,” you encourage the reader to conjure a visual image in their head, which can help keep them engaged in your writing.
Establish a Point of View.
Since idioms are often used to express commonly shared or universal ideas, there are often dozens of idioms that apply to the same concept. However, depending on which idiom you choose, you can convey an entirely different attitude about the subject about which you are writing. For example, there are many different idioms that express the concept of death. If you were to write that someone “passed away,” you are using an idiom to describe death in a graceful, delicate way. Alternatively, you could say that a person “kicked the bucket,” a much harsher and cruder way of describing the act of dying. Though both idioms ultimately mean the same thing, they convey completely different attitudes towards death.
Evoke a Specific Region.
Certain idioms are unique to different areas of the world. For instance, “that dog won’t hunt” is a common idiom in the Southern United States that means that something doesn’t work or make sense. On the other hand, if someone were to refer to a mess or a debacle as a “dog’s dinner,” they are likely British. In fiction writing, the strategic employment of specific idioms can often add a regional flavour and authenticity to your characters.
FAQs on List of Idioms
Why are idioms used?
An idiom is an expression with a figurative meaning that differs from the literal meaning. We hear idioms every day – both in conversation and in the media. Used correctly, idioms can amplify messages in a way that draws readers in and helps to awaken their senses
What are the types of idioms?
There are 7 types of idiom. They are pure idioms, binomial idioms, partial idioms, prepositional idioms, proverbs, euphemisms and cliches.
How do people learn idioms?
Visualize them – When learning idioms, trying to visualize their meanings and connecting those mental images to their meaning can go a long way in helping you learn them quickly. Explore the history – Finally, you can try exploring how an expression came to be.
When did idioms start?
In the 1580s, the “form of speech peculiar to a people or place;” meaning “phrase or expression peculiar to a language” is from the 1620s; from French idioms (16c.). list of idioms and phrases pdf