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List of Gram Panchayat, Key Features of Panchayat, Conclusion and FAQs…

List of Gram Panchayat: Gram Panchayat is a basic village-governing institute in Indian villages. It is a democratic structure at the grassroots level in India. It is a political institute, acting as a cabinet of the village. The Gram Sabha work as the general body of the Gram Panchayat. The main functions of the Gram Panchayat are the Maintenance and construction of water resources, roads, drainage, School buildings and CPR (common property resources). Levy and collect local taxes.

Execute government schemes related to employment. Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas. Each ward elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch). All the members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President. The Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch from the Gram Panchayat. list of gram panchayat in Uttar Dinajpur

In Hindi:

List of Gram Panchayat: ग्राम पंचायत भारतीय गांवों में एक बुनियादी गांव-शासी संस्थान है। यह भारत में जमीनी स्तर पर एक लोकतांत्रिक संरचना है। यह एक राजनीतिक संस्थान है, जो गांव के कैबिनेट के रूप में कार्य करता है। ग्राम सभा ग्राम पंचायत के सामान्य निकाय के रूप में कार्य करती है। ग्राम पंचायत के मुख्य कार्य जल संसाधनों, सड़कों, जल निकासी, स्कूल भवनों और सीपीआर (सामान्य संपत्ति संसाधन) का रखरखाव और निर्माण हैं। स्थानीय कर लगाना और जमा करना।

रोजगार से संबंधित सरकारी योजनाओं का क्रियान्वयन करें। प्रत्येक ग्राम पंचायत को वार्डों में विभाजित किया जाता है, अर्थात् छोटे क्षेत्रों में। प्रत्येक वार्ड एक प्रतिनिधि का चुनाव करता है जिसे वार्ड सदस्य (पंच) के रूप में जाना जाता है। ग्राम सभा के सभी सदस्य एक सरपंच का चुनाव भी करते हैं जो पंचायत अध्यक्ष होता है। वार्ड पंच और सरपंच ग्राम पंचायत बनाते हैं। list of gram panchayat in west bengal

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What is a Panchayat? List of Gram Panchayat

Panchayati Raj is the oldest system of local government in the Indian subcontinent. Panchayati Raj Institutions as units of local government have been in existence in India for a long time, in different permutations and combinations. However, it was only in 1992 that it was officially established by the Indian Constitution as the third level of India’s federal democracy through the 73rd Amendment Act.

The Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) consists of three levels:

  • Gram Panchayat at the village level
  • Block Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti at the intermediate level
  • Zilla Panchayat at the district level

The word “Panchayat” means assembly (ayat) of five (panch) and raj means “rule”. Traditionally Panchayats consisted of elderly and wise people chosen by the local community, who used to settle disputes between individuals and villages. The leader of the panchayat used to be called Mukhya or Sarpanch. Generally, the elder-most or most senior person would be elected to this position. The Panchayati Raj system is also recognised as a form of direct democracy (i.e they exercise all powers of a government at a village level), as opposed to the popular notion that it is a type of representative democracy. As of January 2019, there are 630 Zilla Panchayats; 6614 Block Panchayats and 253163 Gram Panchayats in India. There are currently more than 3 million elected representatives (of which more than 1 million are women) for panchayats at all levels.

In modern India, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the leading advocates of Gram Swaraj i.e village self-governance where the village would be responsible for its own affairs. The Panchayati Raj system of governance can be found all over South Asia in countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, where it goes by the same name.

Gram Panchayat
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Key Features of Panchayat Raj System: List of Gram Panchayat

  • The Gram Sabha is a body consisting of all the people registered in the electoral rolls who belong to a village comprised within the area of the Panchayat at the village level. Gram Sabha is the smallest and the only permanent unit in the Panchayati Raj system. The powers and functions of Gram Sabha are fixed by the state legislature according to the law on the subject.
  • Seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and chairpersons of the Panchayats at all levels are reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population.
  • One-third of the total number of seats are to be reserved for women. One-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs are also reserved for women. This policy extends to the office of the chairperson at all levels as well (Article 243D). The reserved seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in the Panchayat.
  • There is a uniform policy with each term being five years. Fresh elections must be conducted before the expiry of the term. In the event of dissolution, elections are compulsorily within six months (Article 243E).
  • Panchayats have the responsibility to prepare plans for economic development and social justice with respect to the subjects as per the law put in place, which also extends to the various levels of Panchayat including the subjects as illustrated in the Eleventh Schedule (Article 243G).

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Gram Panchayat

Gram Panchayat consists of a village or a group of villages divided into smaller units called “Wards”. Each ward selects or elects a representative who is known as the Panch or ward member. The members of the Gram Sabha elect the ward members through a direct election. The Sarpanch or the president of the Gram Panchayat is elected by the ward members as per the State Act. The Sarpanch and the Panch are elected for a period of five years. Gram Panchayat is governed by the elected body and administration. The secretary is normally in charge of the administrative duties of the Gram Panchayat.

Block Panchayat

Panchayat Samiti (also called Taluka Panchayats or Block Panchayats) is the intermediate level in Panchayati Raj Institutions. The Panchayat Samiti acts as the link between Gram Panchayat (Village) and District Panchayat (Zilla). These blocks do not hold elections for the Panchayat Samiti council seats. Rather, the block council consists of all of the Sarpanchas and the Upa Sarpanchas from each Gram Panchayat along with members of the legislative assembly (MLA), members of parliament (MPs), associate members (like a representative from a cooperative society) and members from the Zilla Parishad who are a part of the block. The Gram Panchayat members nominate their Sarpanch and Upa Sarpanch amongst their ranks, which extend to the selection of the chairperson and vice-chairperson as well. The Executive Officer (EO) is the head of the administration section of the Panchayat Samiti.

Gram Panchayat
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District Panchayat

The District Panchayat known as the District Council or Zilla Parishad is the third tier of the Panchayati Raj system. Like the Gram Panchayat, the District Panchayat is also an elected body. Chairpersons of Block Samitis also represent the District Panchayat. Like the Block Panchayat, the MP and MLA are also members of the district panchayat. So the government appoints the Chief Executive Officer to carry out the administration of the district Panchayat along with the Chief Accounts Officer, the Chief Planning Officer and one or more Deputy Secretaries who work directly under the Chief Executive Officer and assist him/her. The Zilla Parishad chairperson is the political head of the district panchayat.

The primary objective of establishing the third tier of the government is to increase democratic participation, better articulate local needs and priorities, and ensure more efficient use of local resources along with greater accountability and transparency. Accordingly, 29 functions have been proposed to be transferred to local governments in rural areas. These institutions have been playing an important role in several flagship programmes of the central and state governments, perhaps more role in implementation and monitoring.

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Conclusion

PRIA has been involved with Panchayati Raj ever since the first Panchayati Raj elections took place in 1995/96. By focusing on Capacity Building, Knowledge Building and Policy advocacy, PRIA sought to engage and inform the voter about making the decision that works best for them, along with giving them information on the election process specifically and the voting process in general. To this end, PRIA organised many events and functions such as PEVAC (Pre-election Voters’ Awareness Campaign), radio dramas, exposure visits, promotion of women and Dalit leadership etc. PRIAs expertise in working with Panchayats of all levels led to PRIA joining various government committees for the Panchayat such as the Expert Committee on Planning and Decentralisation and the Task Force on the Gram Sabha. Therefore all of these details, along with an explanation of the intricacies of the Panchayati Raj system

निष्कर्ष

प्रिया पंचायती राज से तब से जुड़ी हुई है, जब से 1995/96 में पहला पंचायती राज चुनाव हुआ था। क्षमता निर्माण, ज्ञान निर्माण और नीति समर्थन पर ध्यान केंद्रित करके, PRIA ने मतदाता को विशेष रूप से चुनाव प्रक्रिया और सामान्य रूप से मतदान प्रक्रिया के बारे में जानकारी देने के साथ-साथ उनके लिए सबसे अच्छा काम करने वाले निर्णय के बारे में सूचित करने की मांग की। इसके लिए, PRIA ने PEVAC (चुनाव पूर्व मतदाता जागरूकता अभियान), रेडियो नाटक, एक्सपोज़र विज़िट, महिलाओं और दलित नेतृत्व को बढ़ावा देने आदि जैसे कई कार्यक्रमों और कार्यों का आयोजन किया। सभी स्तरों की पंचायतों के साथ काम करने में PRIA की विशेषज्ञता ने PRIA को शामिल किया। पंचायत के लिए विभिन्न सरकारी समितियाँ जैसे योजना और विकेंद्रीकरण पर विशेषज्ञ समिति और ग्राम सभा पर कार्य बल। इन सभी विवरणों के साथ-साथ पंचायती राज व्यवस्था की पेचीदगियों की व्याख्या

List of Gram Panchayat

FAQs on List of Gram Panchayat

Who is the head of Panchayat?

The Panchayat is chaired by the president of the village, known as a Sarpanch. So the term of the elected representatives is five years.

How Gram Panchayat is formed?

Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas. Each ward elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch). All the members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President. So the Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch from the Gram Panchayat.

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Who elects the Sarpanch?

Also, a sarpanch (IAST: Sarpanch) or Gram Pradhan or Mukhiya is a decision-maker, elected by the village-level constitutional body of local self-government called the Gram Sabha (village government) in India.

Who introduced Panchayati Raj?

The system later came to be known as Panchayati Raj, which was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 October 1959 at Nagpur in Rajasthan.

How many gram panchayats are there in India?

The Gram Sabha work as the general body of the Gram Panchayat. Also, the members of the Gram Panchayat are elected by the Gram Sabha. So there are about 250,000 Gram Panchayats in India. list of gram panchayat in Himachal Pradesh

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