List Of Governors Of India: In the Republic of India, according to Article 154 of the Constitution of India, a governor is the constitutional head of each of the twenty-eight states. And the governor is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years and holds office at the President’s pleasure.
All the governor is de jure head of the state government; all their executive actions are taken in the governor’s name. Although, the governor must act on the advice of the popularly elected council of ministers, headed by the chief minister, which thus holds de facto executive authority at the state level. So the Constitution of India also empowers the governor to act upon his or her own discretion, such as the ability to appoint or dismiss a ministry, recommend President’s rule, or reserve bills for the President’s assent. Therefore over the years, the exercise of these discretionary powers has given rise to conflict between the elected chief minister and the union government-appointed governor.
सभी राज्यपाल राज्य सरकार के विधिवत प्रमुख होते हैं; उनके सभी कार्यकारी कार्य राज्यपाल के नाम पर किए जाते हैं। हालांकि, राज्यपाल को मुख्यमंत्री की अध्यक्षता में लोकप्रिय रूप से निर्वाचित मंत्रिपरिषद की सलाह पर कार्य करना चाहिए, जो इस प्रकार राज्य स्तर पर वास्तविक कार्यकारी अधिकार रखता है। इसलिए भारत का संविधान भी राज्यपाल को अपने विवेक से कार्य करने का अधिकार देता है, जैसे कि किसी मंत्रालय को नियुक्त या बर्खास्त करने की क्षमता, राष्ट्रपति शासन की सिफारिश करना, या राष्ट्रपति की सहमति के लिए आरक्षित बिल। इसलिए वर्षों से, इन विवेकाधीन शक्तियों के प्रयोग ने निर्वाचित मुख्यमंत्री और केंद्र सरकार द्वारा नियुक्त राज्यपाल के बीच संघर्ष को जन्म दिया है।
List Of Governors Of India (State-Wise)
|Andhra Pradesh||Biswabhusan Harichandan||24 July 2019|
(2 years, 284 days)
|Arunachal Pradesh||B.D Mishra|| 3 October 2017|
(4 years, 213 days)
|Assam||Jagdish Mukhi||10 October 2017|
(4 years, 206 days)
|Bihar||Phagu Chauhan||29 July 2019|
(2 years, 279 days)
|Chhatisgarh||Anusuiya Uikey||29 July 2019|
(2 years, 279 days)
|Goa||P.S. Sreedharan Pillai||15 July 2021|
|Gujarat||Acharya Devvrat||22 July 2019|
(2 years, 289 days)
|Haryana||Bandaru Dattatreya||15 July 2021|
|Himachal Pradesh||Rajendra Arlekar||13 July 2021|
|Jharkhand||Ramesh Bais||14 July 2021|
|Karnataka||Thawar Chand Gehlot||11 July 2021|
|Kerela||Arif Mohammad Khan||6 September 2019|
(2 years, 240 days)
|Madhya Pradesh||Mangubhai C. Patel||8 July 2021|
|Maharashtra||Bhagat Singh Koshyari||5 September|
(2 years, 241 days)
|Manipur||La. Ganeshan||27 August 2021|
|Meghalaya||Satya Pal Malik||19 August 2020|
(1 year, 258 days)
|Mizoram||Kambhampati Hari Babu||19 July 2021|
|17 September 2021|
|Odisha||Ganeshi Lal||29 May 2018|
(3 years, 340 days)
|Punjab||Banwarilal Purohit||31 August 2021|
|Rajasthan||Kalraj Mishra||9 September 2019|
(2 years, 237 days)
|Sikkim||Ganga Prasad||26 August 2018|
(2 years, 251 days)
|Tamil Nadu||R.N. Ravi||18 September 2021|
|Telangana||Tamilisai Soundararajan||8 September 2019|
(2 years, 238 days)
|Tripura||Satyadev Narayan Arya||14 July 2021|
|Uttar Pradesh||Anandiben Patel||29 July 2021|
(2 years, 279 days)
|Uttarakhand||Gurmit Singh||15 September 2021|
|West Bengal||Jagdeep Dhankar||30 July 2019|
(2 years, 278 days)
Also Read: List Of Banks In India
Governors Of Reserve Bank Of India
There are few personalities so close yet so distant to India’s populace as the Governor of the Reserve Bank and few evocative of his awe and mystique: close, because virtually every individual, be he ever so poor or so rich, carries on his person the promise and signature of the Governor, distant because central bankers are traditionally conservative and publicity-shy. So they command as the custodian of the country’s reserves and defenders of the external value of the currency. Hence, the mystique they possess as purveyors of money, the commodity all desire but so few understand.
So behind the mist, and shorn of the public perception, the personality of the governor assumes importance in a specific context, the governor, more than any public or private functionary in the country, has the mandate of securing the monetary stability of the country. And this impinges on the day to day life of ordinary citizens.
List Of Governors Of Reserve Bank Of India
- Sir Osborne Smith (From 01-04-1935 to 30-06-1937)
- James Taylor Sir (From 01-07-1937 to 17-02-1943)
- Sir C D Deshmukh (From 11-08-1943 to 30-06-1949)
- Sir Benegal Rama Rau (From 01-07-1949 to 14-01-1957)
- K G Ambegaonkar (From 14-01-1957 to 28-02-1957)
- H V R Iengar (From 01-03-1957 to 28-02-1962)
- P C Bhattacharya (From 01-03-1962 to 30-06-1967)
- L K Jha (From 01-07-1967 to 03-05-1970)
- B N Adarkar (From 04-05-1970 to 15-06-1970)
- S Jagannathan (From 16-06-1970 to 19-05-1975)
- N C Sen Gupta (From 19-05-1975 to 19-08-1975)
- K R Puri (From 20-08-1975 to 02-05-1977)
- M Narasimham (From 02-05-1977 to 30-11-1977)
- Dr I G Patel (From 01-12-1977 to 15-09-1982)
- Dr Manmohan Singh (From 16-09-1982 to 14-01-1985)
- A Ghosh (From 15-01-1985 to 04-02-1985)
- R N Malhotra (From 04-02-1985 to 22-12-1990)
- S Venkataraman (From 22-12-1990 to 21-12-1992)
- Dr C Rangarajan (From 22-12-1992 to 22-11-1997)
- Doctor Bimal Jalan (From 22-11-1997 to 06-09-2003)
- Dr Y V Reddy (From 06-09-2003 to 05-09-2008)
- Dr D. Subbarao (From 05-09-2008 to 04-09-13 )
- Dr Raghuram Rajan (From 04-09-2013 to 04-09-2016)
- Dr Urjit R. Patel (From 04-09-2016 to 11-12-2018)
- Shri Shaktikanta Das (From 12-12-2018 to date)
Also Read: List Of Asian Countries
Sir Osborne Smith (From 01-04-1935 to 30-06-1937)
Sir Osborne Smith was the first Governor of the Reserve Bank. He was a professional banker, he served for over 20 years with the Bank of New South Wales and 10 years with the Commonwealth Bank of Australia before coming to India in 1926 as a Managing Governor of the Imperial Bank of India.
And his stewardship of the Imperial Bank won him recognition in banking circles in India. Although, his outlook on policy issues like the exchange rates and interest rates was at variance with that of the Government. So he resigned prior to the completion of his term of office of three and a half years. Sir Osborne, however, did not sign any banknotes during his tenure.
Sir James Taylor (From 01-07-1937 to 17-02-1943)
James Braid Taylor Sir was a member of the Indian Civil Service and had served for over a decade in the Currency Department of the Government of India, initially as a Deputy Controller, later as Controller of the Currency, and thereafter as additional secretary in the Finance Department. He was closely associated with the preparation and piloting of the Reserve Bank of India Bill. He served as Deputy Governor of the Bank prior to his appointment as the Governor.
His stewardship saw the Bank through the war years and the financial experiments it engendered and catalysed, including the decisive break away from a silver currency to fiat money. His second term came to an end with his sudden demise.
Sir C. D. Deshmukh (From 11-08-1943 to 30-06-1949)
Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh, a member of the Indian Civil Service, was the first Indian Governor of the Bank. His association with the Bank commenced in 1939 when he was appointed Government liaison officer. He later served as Secretary and thereafter in 1941 as Deputy Governor of the Bank. On the demise of James Taylor, he took over stewardship of the Bank and was appointed Governor in August 1943.
During his tenure as Governor, he represented India at the Bretton Woods negotiations in 1944, saw the transition to Independence and the partition of the country and the division of the assets and liabilities of the Reserve Bank between India and Pakistan. He helped the smooth transition of the Bank from a shareholder’s institution to a State-owned organisation, when the Bank was nationalised on 1st January 1949. He later held the office of Union Finance Minister between 1950-56.
K R Puri (From 20-08-1975 to 02-05-1977)
K R Puri served as the Chairman and Managing Director of the Life Insurance Corporation of India before his appointment as Governor.
During his tenure, Regional Rural Banks were set up; the Asian Clearing Union commenced operations; the twenty point economic programme was announced and operationalised and a new money supply series was introduced.
M Narasimham (From 02-05-1977 to 30-11-1977)
M Narasimham was the first and so far the only Governor to be appointed from the Reserve Bank cadre, having joined the Bank as a Research Officer in the Economics Department. He later joined the Government and prior to his appointment as Governor, he served as Additional Secretary, of the Department of Economic Affairs.
Since he had a short tenure of seven months. He later served as Executive Director for India at the World Bank and thereafter at the IMF after which he served in the Ministry of Finance as Secretary. He was chairperson of the Committee on the Financial System, 1991 and the Committee of Banking Sector Reforms, 1998
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Dr I G Patel (From 01-12-1977 to 15-09-1982)
Dr I G Patel an economist and administrator joined the Reserve Bank as Governor after serving as Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and thereafter at the UNDP.
His tenure witnessed the demonetisation of high denomination notes as well as the “gold auctions” conducted by the Bank on behalf of the Government of India. During his tenure six private sector banks were nationalised, targets for priority sector lending were introduced, the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporations were merged, and a Departmental reorganisation was undertaken in the Bank. He played an active role in availing of the IMF’s Extended Fund Facility in 1981 due to the balance of payments difficulties. This represented the largest arrangement in IMF’s history at the time.
Dr Manmohan Singh (From 16-09-1982 to 14-01-1985)
Dr Manmohan Singh, academic and administrator, had served as Secretary of Finance as well as Member Secretary of the Planning Commission prior to his appointment as Governor,
During his tenure, comprehensive legal reforms were carried out related to the banking sector and a new chapter was introduced in the Reserve Bank of India Act and the Urban Banks Department was set up.
After his tenure in the Bank, he served in various capacities before being appointed Finance Minister. His tenure as Finance Minister was notable for the fact that he heralded liberalisation and comprehensive reforms in India.
Dr Raghuram Rajan (From 04-09-2013 to 04-09-2016)
Dr Raghuram Rajan assumed charge as the 23rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India on September 4, 2013. Prior to this, he was the Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, Government of India and the Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago’s Booth School. Between 2003 and 2006, Dr Rajan was the Chief Economist and Director of Research at the International Monetary Fund.
Dr Rajan’s research interests are in banking, corporate finance, and economic development, especially the role finance plays in it. He has co-authored Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists with Luigi Zingales in 2003. He then wrote Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy, for which he was awarded the Financial Times-Goldman Sachs prize for best business book in 2010.
Dr Rajan is a member of the Group of Thirty. He was the President of the American Finance Association in 2011 and is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In January 2003, the American Finance Association awarded Dr Rajan the inaugural Fischer Black Prize for the best finance researcher under the age of 40. The other awards he has received include the global Indian of the year award from NASSCOM in 2011, the Infosys prize for the Economic Sciences in 2012, and the Center for Financial Studies-Deutsche Bank Prize for financial economics in 2013.
Born on February 3, 1963, Dr Rajan is married to Radhika and has two children.
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Dr Urjit R. Patel (From 04-09-2016 to 11-12-2018)
Dr Urjit R. Patel assumed charge as the twenty-fourth Governor of the Reserve Bank of India effective September 4, 2016, after serving as Deputy Governor since January 2013. He was re-appointed as Deputy Governor on January 11, 2016, after completion of his first three-year term of office. Among his assignments as Deputy Governor, Dr Patel chaired the Expert Committee to Revise and Strengthen the Monetary Policy Framework. Representing India, he actively participated in steering the signing into force of the inter-governmental treaty and the Inter-Central Bank Agreement (ICBA) among the BRICS nations, which led to the establishment of the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), a swap line framework among the central banks of these countries.
Dr Patel has also served at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He was on deputation from the IMF to the Reserve Bank from 1996-to 1997, and in that capacity, he provided advice on the development of the debt market, banking sector reforms, pension fund reforms, and evolution of the foreign exchange market. And he was a Consultant to the Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs), Government of India, from 1998 to 2001. He has also had other assignments in the public and private sectors.
Dr Patel has several publications in the areas of Indian macroeconomics, monetary policy, public finance, the Indian financial sector, international trade, and regulatory economics.
Dr Patel has a PhD in economics from Yale University, an M. Phil from the University of Oxford and a B. Sc. from the University of London.
Shri Shaktikanta Das (From 12-12-2018 to date)
Shri Shaktikanta Das, IAS Retd., former Secretary, Department of Revenue and Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India assumed charge as the 25th Governor of the Reserve Bank of India effective December 12, 2018. Immediately prior to his current assignment, he was acting as a Member of, the 15th Finance Commission and G20 Sherpa of India.
Shri Shaktikanta Das has vast experience in various areas of governance in the last 38 years. Shri Das has held important positions in the Central and State Governments in the areas of Finance, Taxation, Industries, Infrastructure, etc.
During his long tenure in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, he was directly associated with the preparation of as many as 8 Union Budgets. Shri Das has also served as India’s Alternate Governor in the World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB), New Development Bank (NDB) and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). He has represented India in international fora like the IMF, G20, BRICS, SAARC, etc.
Shri Shaktikanta Das is a postgraduate from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University.