List of Governor General of India: The governor-general of India (1773–1950, from 1858 to 1947 the viceroy and governor-general of India, commonly shortened to the viceroy of India) was the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom and after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state. The office was created in 1773, with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William. The officer had direct control only over Fort William but supervised other East India Company officials in India. Complete authority over all of India was granted in 1833, and the official came to be known as the “governor-general of India”. the governor-general of india list
भारत के गवर्नर-जनरल (1773-1950, 1858 से 1947 तक भारत के वायसराय और गवर्नर-जनरल, जिसे आमतौर पर भारत के वायसराय के रूप में संक्षिप्त किया जाता है) यूनाइटेड किंगडम के सम्राट का प्रतिनिधि था और 1947 में भारतीय स्वतंत्रता के बाद, भारतीय राष्ट्राध्यक्ष का प्रतिनिधि। यह कार्यालय 1773 में फोर्ट विलियम के प्रेसीडेंसी के गवर्नर-जनरल की उपाधि के साथ बनाया गया था। अधिकारी का केवल फोर्ट विलियम पर सीधा नियंत्रण था, लेकिन भारत में ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी के अन्य अधिकारियों की देखरेख करता था। पूरे भारत पर पूर्ण अधिकार 1833 में दिया गया था, और अधिकारी को “भारत के गवर्नर-जनरल” के रूप में जाना जाने लगा। governor general of india list pdf in hindi
List of Governors-General of India
British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. There were three Presidencies: Bengal, Madras and Bombay. Each was ruled by a Governor. The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General. Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General, introduced several administrative reforms, notably in the sphere of justice.
Functions of Governor General of India
The Governor-General originally had power only over the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal. The Regulating Act granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence. The Crown refused the other Presidencies of the East India Company (Madras, Bombay and Bencoolen) authority to declare war on nor make peace with an Indian prince without receiving the prior approval of the Governor-General and Council of Fort William.
The India Act of 1784 increased the powers of the Governor-General in respect of foreign affairs. The Act provided that the other Governors under the East India Company could not declare war, make peace or conclude a treaty with an Indian prince unless expressly directed to do so by the Governor-General, or by the Company’s Court of Directors. While the Governor-General thus became the controller of foreign policy in India, he had not attained the status of explicit head of British India. That status only came with the Charter Act 1833, which granted him “superintendence, direction and control of the whole civil and military Government” of all of British India. The Act also granted legislative powers to the Governor-General and Council.
After 1858, the Governor-General functioned as the chief administrator of India and as the Sovereign’s representative. He divided India into numerous provinces, each under the head of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor Chief Commissioner or Administrator. The British government appointed Governors to whom they bore direct responsibility. The Governor-General appointed, and supervised, Lieutenant Governors, Chief Commissioners, and Administrators. The Governor-General also oversaw the most powerful princely rulers: the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Maharaja of Mysore, the Maharaja(Scindia) of Gwalior, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir and the Gaekwad (Gaekwar) Maharaja of Baroda. The Rajputana Agency and Central India Agency (headed by representatives of the Governor-General), or by provincial authorities oversaw the remaining princely rulers.
Once India acquired independence, the Governor-General’s role became almost entirely ceremonial, with the Indian cabinet exercising power in daily legislative issues. After the nation became a republic, the non-executive President of India continued to perform the same functions.
Governor-General of India & Important Events
The first Governor-General of Bengal was Warren Hastings with a tenure of office from 1772-1785. Warren Hastings was an English statesman and the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal. He brought an end to the Dual Government system by enforcing the Regulating Act of 1773. He founded the Calcutta Madrasa for the promotion of Islamic studies, and the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in the year 1781 and 1784 respectively. Hastings was also elected as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1801.
Charter Act of 1833 made the Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of British India. And, William Bentick was the first Governor-General of British India.
List of Governors-General of Bengal
|Year||Governor-General of Bengal||Major Reforms & Events|
|1772-1785||Warren Hastings||First Governor-General of Bengal|
End to the dual system of administration
Regulating Act of 1773
Supreme Court at Calcutta
Asiatic Society of Bengal
First Anglo-Maratha War and Treaty of Salbai
First English translation of Bhagavad Gita
Pitt’s India Act-1784
|1786-1793||Lord Cornwallis||Establishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courts|
Establishment of Sanskrit college
Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam
Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services
|1793-1798||Sir John Shore||Charter act of 1793|
Policy of Non-intervention
Battle of Kharda
|1798-1805||Lord Wellesley||Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance System|
Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein
Second Anglo – Maratha war
Establishment of Madras presidency
Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta
|1805-1807||Sir George Barlow||The Acting Governor-General of India until the arrival of Lord Minto,|
Diminished the area of British territory because of his passion for economy and retrenchment,
The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806
|1807-1813||Lord Minto I||Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809,|
Introduced the Charter Act of 1813
|1813-1823||Lord Hastings||The policy of Non-intervention came to an end|
third Anglo-Maratha war
Abolition of Peshwaship
Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras (By Thomas Munroe) and Bombay
Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay
|1823-1828||Lord Amherst||The annexation of Assam led to the first Burmese war of 1824,|
The mutiny of Barrackpore in 1824
Governors-General of India
|Year||Governors-General of India||Major Reforms|
|1828-1835||Lord William Bentinck||First Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)|
Abolition of Sati
Suppression of Thugee, infanticide and child sacrifices.
English Education Act of 1835
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
|1835-1836||Lord Charles Metcalfe||‘Liberator of the Indian press|
detached all restraints on an open press
|1836-1842||Lord Auckland||Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry in India|
The first Anglo-Afghan war
|1842-1844||Lord Ellenborough||Sindh was annexed|
|1844-1848||Lord Hardinge I||First Anglo Sikh War (1845-46)|
|Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India)||introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘|
Doctrine of Good
Charles Wood Dispatch
Post Office Act, 1854
1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane
Established engineering college in Roorkee
Second Anglo-Sikh War
First telegraph line
Establishment of the Public Works Department
Abolition of titles and pensions.
Started Competitive examination for Indian Civil Services
Widow Remarriage Act
|1856-1857||Lord Canning||Three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established|
The revolt of 1857 took place
Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.
FAQs on List of Governor General of India
Who was the last Governor-General of India?
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.
चक्रवर्ती राजगोपालाचारी (1878-1972) स्वतंत्रता के बाद एकमात्र भारतीय और अंतिम गवर्नर-जनरल बने।
Who was the first Governor-General of Bengal?
The first Governor-General of Bengal was Warren Hastings with a tenure of office from 1772-1785.
वे बंगाल के पहले गवर्नर-जनरल वारेन हेस्टिंग्स थे, जिनका कार्यकाल 1772-1785 तक था
Who was the first Governor-General of British India?
William Bentick was the first Governor-General of British India. It was after the Charter Act of 1833 was passed that the Governor-General of Bengal was made the Governor-General of British India.
विलियम बेंटिक ब्रिटिश भारत के पहले गवर्नर-जनरल थे। 1833 के चार्टर अधिनियम के पारित होने के बाद बंगाल के गवर्नर-जनरल को ब्रिटिश भारत का गवर्नर-जनरल बनाया गया था।
Who is the first woman governor of India?
Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She governed Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. Her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, is the longest-serving female governor with almost 11 years of tenure in West Bengal.
सरोजिनी नायडू किसी भारतीय राज्य की राज्यपाल बनने वाली पहली महिला थीं। उन्होंने 15 अगस्त 1947 से 2 मार्च 1949 तक उत्तर प्रदेश पर शासन किया। उनकी बेटी, पद्मजा नायडू, पश्चिम बंगाल में लगभग 11 वर्षों के कार्यकाल के साथ सबसे लंबे समय तक सेवा करने वाली महिला राज्यपाल हैं।
Who was the first governor of free India?
The Independence Act marked the end of British rule in India. The Dominions of India and Pakistan came into existence in August, Lord Mountbatten at the request of Nehru continued as the Governor-General of free India.
स्वतंत्रता अधिनियम ने भारत में ब्रिटिश शासन के अंत को चिह्नित किया। अगस्त में भारत और पाकिस्तान के डोमिनियन अस्तित्व में आए, नेहरू के अनुरोध पर लॉर्ड माउंटबेटन स्वतंत्र भारत के गवर्नर-जनरल के रूप में बने रहे।
Who was the best Governor-General of India?
Warren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India; who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted); on his return to England.
वारेन हेस्टिंग्स, (जन्म 6 दिसंबर, 1732, चर्चिल, डेल्सफोर्ड, ऑक्सफ़ोर्डशायर, इंग्लैंड के पास- 22 अगस्त, 1818, डेलेसफ़ोर्ड में मृत्यु हो गई), भारत के ब्रिटिश गवर्नर-जनरल के पहले और सबसे प्रसिद्ध, जिन्होंने 1772 से 1785 तक भारतीय मामलों पर प्रभुत्व बनाए रखा। और इंग्लैंड लौटने पर महाभियोग चलाया गया (हालांकि बरी कर दिया गया)।governor general of india list pdf