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List of Eye Diseases with Pictures, Details of Major Eye Diseases & FAQs…

List of Eye Diseases with Pictures: Any of the diseases or disorders that affect the human eye. Ophthalmologists are doctors that specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system, and also in the prevention of eye disease and injury. They can be either doctor of medicine (MD) or doctors of osteopathy (DO) list of eye diseases with pictures pdf

In Hindi:

List of Eye Diseases with Pictures: कोई भी रोग या विकार जो मानव आँख को प्रभावित करता है। नेत्र रोग विशेषज्ञ डॉक्टर होते हैं जो आंखों और दृश्य प्रणाली की चिकित्सा और शल्य चिकित्सा देखभाल के साथ-साथ आंखों की बीमारी और चोट की रोकथाम में भी विशेषज्ञ होते हैं। वे या तो मेडिसिन के डॉक्टर (एमडी) या ऑस्टियोपैथी के डॉक्टर (डीओ) हो सकते हैं।

Some Major Eye Problems

Night Blindness

  • That sounds like night blindness. It’s a symptom, not a problem in its own right. Nearsightedness, cataracts, keratoconus, and a lack of vitamin A all cause a type of night blindness that doctors can fix.
  • Some people are born with this problem, or it might develop from a degenerative disease involving the retina, and that usually can’t be treated. If you have it, you’ll need to be extra careful in areas of low light.

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Cross Eyes (Strabismus) and Nystagmus

  • If your eyes aren’t lined up with each other when you look at something, you could have strabismus. You might also hear it called crossed eyes or walleye.
  • This problem won’t go away on its own. Sometimes you can go to vision therapy with an eye doctor to help strengthen the weak eye muscles. Often, you’ll likely need to get an ophthalmologist, or eye surgeon specialist, to correct it surgically. You’ll need to get an ophthalmologist, or eye specialist, to correct it.
  • With nystagmus, the eye moves or “jiggles” all the time on its own.
  • There are many treatments, including vision therapy to make your eyes stronger. Surgery is also an option. Your doctor will examine your eyes to see which treatment might work best for you.


  • When you can’t see certain colours, or can’t tell the difference between them (usually reds and greens), you may be colourblind. It happens when the colour cells in your eye (the doctor will call them cone cells) are absent or don’t work.
  • When it’s most severe, you can only see in shades of grey, but this is rare. Most people who have it are born with it, but you can get it later in life from certain drugs and diseases. Your doctor can tell you what’s to blame. Men are much more likely to be born with it than women.
  • Your eye doctor can diagnose it with a simple test. There’s no treatment if you’re born with it, but special contacts and glasses can help some people tell the difference between certain colours.
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This is the name for a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the uvea. That’s the middle layer of the eye that contains most of the blood vessels.
These diseases can destroy eye tissue, and even cause eye loss. People of all ages can have it. Symptoms may go away quickly or last for a long time.
People with immune system conditions like AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, or ulcerative colitis may be more likely to have uveitis. Symptoms may include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Eye redness
  • Light sensitivity

See your doctor if you have these symptoms and they don’t go away within a few days. There are different kinds of treatment for uveitis, depending on the type you have.

Some Eye Diseases


  • This happens when you lose the ability, despite good distance vision, to clearly see close objects and small print.
  • After age 40 or so, you may have to hold a book or other reading material farther away from your eyes to make it easier to read. Sort of like your arms are too short.
  • Reading glasses, contact lenses, LASIK, which is laser eye surgery, and other procedures can be used to restore good reading vision.

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  • These are tiny spots or specks that float across your field of vision. Most people notice them in well-lit rooms or outdoors on a bright day.
  • Floaters are usually normal, but they sometimes can be a sign of a more serious eye problem, like retinal detachment. That’s when the retina at the back of your eye separates from the layer underneath. When this happens, you might also see light flashes along with the floaters or a dark shadow come across the edge of your sight.
  • If you notice a sudden change in the type or number of spots or flashes you see or a new dark “curtain” in your peripheral vision, go to your eye doctor as soon as possible.


  • These are cloudy areas that develop in the eye lens.
  • A healthy lens is clear like a camera’s. Light passes through it to your retina — the back of your eye where images are processed. When you have a cataract, the light can’t get through as easily. The result: You can’t see as well and may notice glare or a halo around lights at night.
  • Cataracts often form slowly. They don’t cause symptoms like pain, redness, or tearing in the eye.
  • Some stay small and don’t affect your sight. If they do progress and affect your vision, surgery almost always works to bring it back.
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Your eye is like a tire: Some pressure inside it is normal and safe. But levels that are too high can damage your optic nerve. Glaucoma is the name for a group of diseases that cause this condition.

A common form is primary open angle glaucoma. Most people who have it don’t have early symptoms or pain. So it’s important to keep up with your regular eye exams.
It doesn’t happen often, but glaucoma can be caused by:

  • An injury to the eye
  • Blocked blood vessels
  • Inflammatory disorders of the eye
  • Treatment includes prescription eye drops or surgery.
Various eye diseases vector illustration

Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye)

In this condition, the tissue that lines the back of your eyelids and covers your sclera gets inflamed. It can cause redness, itching, burning, tearing, discharge, or a feeling that something is in your eye.
People of all ages can get it. Causes include infection, exposure to chemicals and irritants, or allergies.
Wash your hands often to lower your chance of getting it.

Corneal Diseases

The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped “window” at the front of your eye. It helps to focus on the light that comes in. Disease, infection, injury, and exposure to toxins can damage it. Signs include:

  • Red eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Pain
  • Reduced vision, or a halo effect

The main treatment methods include:

  • A new eyeglasses or contacts prescription
  • Medicated eye drops
  • Surgery

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Vision Changes

  • As you get older, you may find that you can’t see as well as you once did. That’s normal. You’ll probably need glasses or contacts. You may choose to have surgery (LASIK) to correct your vision. If you already have glasses, you may need a stronger prescription.
  • Other, more serious conditions also happen as you age. Eye diseases like macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts, can cause vision problems. Symptoms vary a lot among these disorders, so keep up with your eye exams.
  • Some vision changes can be dangerous and need immediate medical care. Anytime you have a sudden loss of vision, or everything looks blurry — even if it’s temporary — see a doctor right away.
Cataract Disease

FAQs on List of Eye Diseases with Pictures

What are the most common eye diseases?

The 5 most common eye problems

  • Dry Eye. Dry eye is one of the most common eye problems.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy. Retinopathy is the most common eye problem in people with diabetes.
  • Cataracts. As we age, the lenses in our eyes can become cloudy.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Macular Degeneration.

Which eye disease has no treatment?

The world commemorates Rare Disease Day on 28 February. Stargardt’s Disease is one, and like many others, it is incurable at present. This genetic macular degeneration affects young people of under 20 years old and is hereditary.

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Which eye problem is the most common among adults?

5 Most Common Eye Problems in Adults

  • Cataracts. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye begins to become cloudy.
  • Glaucoma. Glaucoma is increased intraocular pressure or pressure within the eye.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy.
  • Retinal Detachment.
  • Blindness.

Can eye problems affect the brain?

The researchers said that in general, poor vision reduces a person’s ability to participate in activities that stimulate the brain. They also noted that vision had a stronger influence on brain function than the reverse

Does brain MRI show eye problems?

1 MRI can reveal associated changes in the brain, particularly in the visual pathways, to a number of visual disorders, including anophthalmia, glaucoma and age‐related macular degeneration (AMD).

What are the types of eyes?

Eye types can be categorised into “simple eyes”, with one concave photoreceptive surface, and “compound eyes”, which comprise a number of individual lenses laid out on a convex surface.

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