List of Continents: A continent is one of Earth’s seven main divisions of land. The continents are, from largest to smallest: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. A continent is one of Earth’s seven main divisions of land. From the 16th century, the English noun continent was derived from the term continent land, meaning continuous or connected land and translated from the Latin terra continents. The noun was used to mean “a connected or continuous tract of land” or mainland. Phoenician sailors may have been responsible for naming Europe and Asia. The rest of the continents — Africa, Asia and Europe — were most likely named by the sailors who frequented their ports on naval and merchant voyages, but no one knows for sure. list of continents in the world
एक महाद्वीप पृथ्वी के सात मुख्य भूमि विभाजनों में से एक है। महाद्वीप सबसे बड़े से लेकर सबसे छोटे तक हैं: एशिया, अफ्रीका, उत्तरी अमेरिका, दक्षिण अमेरिका, अंटार्कटिका, यूरोप और ऑस्ट्रेलिया। एक महाद्वीप पृथ्वी के सात मुख्य भूमि विभाजनों में से एक है। 16 वीं शताब्दी से, अंग्रेजी संज्ञा महाद्वीप महाद्वीप भूमि शब्द से लिया गया था, जिसका अर्थ निरंतर या जुड़ा हुआ भूमि है और लैटिन टेरा महाद्वीपों से अनुवादित है। संज्ञा का अर्थ “भूमि का एक जुड़ा या निरंतर पथ” या मुख्य भूमि था। फोनीशियन नाविक यूरोप और एशिया के नामकरण के लिए जिम्मेदार हो सकते हैं। बाकी महाद्वीपों – अफ्रीका, एशिया और यूरोप – का नाम उन नाविकों द्वारा रखा गया था जो नौसैनिक और व्यापारिक यात्राओं पर अपने बंदरगाहों पर बार-बार आते थे, लेकिन कोई भी निश्चित रूप से नहीं जानता था। list of countries by continent
List of the seven continents
- North America
- South America
Asia, the largest continent, stretches from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the western Pacific Ocean. There are more than 40 countries in Asia. Some are among the most populated countries in the world, including China, India, and Indonesia. Sixty per cent of Earth’s population lives in Asia. More than a third of the world’s people live in China and India alone. The continent of Asia includes many islands and some countries. The Philippines, Indonesia, Japan, and Taiwan are major island nations in Asia.
Most of Asia’s people live in cities or fertile farming areas near river valleys, plains, and coasts. The plateaus in Central Asia are largely unsuitable for farming and are thinly populated. Asia accounts for almost a third of the world’s land.
Africa, the second-largest continent, covers an area more than three times that of the United States. From north to south, Africa stretches about 8,000 kilometres (5,000 miles). It is connected to Asia by the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt.
The Sahara, which covers much of North Africa, is the world’s largest hot desert. The world’s longest river, the Nile, flows more than 6,560 kilometres (4,100 miles) from its most remote headwaters in Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean Sea in the north. A series of falls and rapids along the southern part of the river makes navigation difficult. The Nile has played an important role in the history of Africa. In ancient Egyptian civilization, it was a source of life for food, water, and transportation.
Europe, the sixth-largest continent, contains just seven per cent of the world’s land. In total area, the continent of Europe is only slightly larger than the country of Canada. However, the population of Europe is more than twice that of South America. Europe has more than 40 countries and many of the world’s major cities, including London, the United Kingdom; Paris, France; Berlin, Germany; Rome, Italy; Madrid, Spain; and Moscow, Russia.
Most European countries have access to the ocean. The continent is bordered by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Caspian Sea in the southeast, and the Mediterranean and Black Seas in the south.
North America, the third-largest continent, extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. The continent includes the enormous island of Greenland in the northeast. In the far north, the continent stretches halfway around the world, from Greenland to the Aleutians. But at Panama’s narrowest part, the continent is just 50 kilometres (31 miles) across.
Young mountains—including the Rockies, North America’s largest chain—rise in the West. Some of Earth’s youngest mountains are found in the Cascade Range of the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. Some peaks there began to form only about a million years ago—a wink of an eye in Earth’s long history. North America’s older mountain ranges rise near the East Coast of the United States and Canada.
South America is connected to North America by the narrow Isthmus of Panama. These two continents weren’t always connected; they came together only three million years ago. South America is the fourth-largest continent and extends from the sunny beaches of the Caribbean Sea to the frigid waters near the Antarctic Circle.
South America’s southernmost islands, called Tierra del Fuego, are less than 1,120 kilometres (700 miles) from Antarctica. These islands even host some Antarctic birds, such as penguins, albatrosses, and terns.
In addition to being the smallest continent, Australia is the flattest and the second-driest, after Antarctica. The continent is sometimes called Oceania, to includes the thousands of tiny islands of the Central Pacific and South Pacific, most notably Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia (including the U.S. state of Hawai’i). However, the continent of Australia itself includes only the nation of Australia, the eastern portion of the island of New Guinea (the nation of Papua New Guinea) and the island nation of New Zealand.
Australia covers just less than 8.5 million square kilometres (about 3.5 million square miles). Its population is about 31 million. It is the most sparsely populated continent, after Antarctica. list of continents and oceans
Antarctica is the windiest, driest, and iciest place on Earth. And Antarctica is larger than Europe or Australia, but unlike those continents, it has no permanent human population. People who work there are scientific researchers and support staff, such as pilots and cooks.
The climate of Antarctica makes it impossible to support agriculture or a permanent civilization. Temperatures in Antarctica, much lower than Arctic temperatures, plunge lower than -73 degrees Celsius (-100 degrees Fahrenheit).
- The surface of the continents has changed many times because of mountain building, weathering, erosion, and the build-up of sediment. The continuous, slow movement of tectonic plates also changes surface features.
- The rocks that form the continents have been shaped and reshaped many times. Great mountain ranges have risen and then have been worn away. Ocean waters have flooded huge areas and then gradually dried up. Massive ice sheets have come and gone, sculpting the landscape in the process.
- Today, all continents have great mountain ranges, vast plains, extensive plateaus, and complex river systems. The landmasses’ average elevation above sea level is about 838 meters (2,750 feet).
- Although each is unique, all the continents share two basic features: old, geologically stable regions, and younger, somewhat more active regions. In the younger regions, the process of mountain building has happened recently and often continues to happen.
FAQs on List of Continents
What are continents and countries?
There are seven continents in the world such as Asia, Australia, Antarctica, Africa, North America, South America, and Europe. But there are a total of 195 countries in the world. These countries are all parts of these continents. Hence a country is a part of a continent on this earth.
Which is the smallest continent?
The smallest continent by land area is Australia with 9,008,000 (km2) which represents just 6% of the total land area in the world. The largest continent in the world is Asia.
Which is the coldest continent?
The Farthest Place Close to Home Curriculum Collection. These resources introduce Antarctica’s extreme environments, describe the conditions under which researchers live and work, and explain how Antarctica is important to the Earth as a whole.
What’s the hottest country in the world?
Mali is the hottest country in the world, with an average yearly temperature of 83.89°F (28.83°C). Located in West Africa, Mali actually shares borders with both Burkina Faso and Senegal, which follow it on the list.
How many countries are in Asia?
There are 48 countries in Asia today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with the current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics).
Which is the oldest continent?
Africa is sometimes nicknamed the “Mother Continent” due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. list of countries in Australia’s continent