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List Of Caste In India

List Of Caste In India, Hindi Caste List, SC Caste List, OBC Caste List In India, Caste Systems in India

Castes in India

List Of Caste In India: In South Asia, the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. A caste, generally designated by the term jati (“birth”), refers to a strictly regulated social community into which one is born. Some jatis have occupational names, but the connection between caste and occupational specialization is limited. In general, a person is expected to marry someone within the same jati, follow a particular set of rules for proper behaviour (in such matters as kinship, occupation, and diet), and interact with other jatis according to the group’s position in the social hierarchy. Based on names alone, it is possible to identify more than 2,000 jatis. However, it is common for there to be several distinct groups bearing the same name that are not part of the same marriage network or local caste system.

In India Virtually

In India, virtually all nontribal Hindus and many adherents of other faiths (even Muslims, for whom caste is theoretically anathema) recognize their membership in one of those hereditary social communities. Among Hindus, jatis are usually assigned to one of four large caste clusters, called varnas, each of which has a traditional social function: Brahmans (priests), at the top of the social hierarchy, and, in descending prestige, Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (originally peasants but later merchants), and Shudras (artisans and labourers). The particular varna in which a jati is ranked depends in part on its relative level of “impurity,” determined by the group’s traditional contact with any of a number of “pollutants,” including blood, menstrual flow, saliva, dung, leather, dirt, and hair. Intercaste restrictions were established to prevent the relative purity of a particular jati from being corrupted by the pollution of a lower caste.

About The Panchamas

A fifth group, the Panchamas (from Sanskrit panch, “five”), theoretically were excluded from the system because their occupations and ways of life typically brought them in contact with such impurities. They were formerly called the untouchables (because their touch, believed by the upper castes to transmit pollution, was avoided), but the nationalist leader Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi referred to them as Harijan (“Children of God”), a name that for a time gained popular usage.

Dalit

More recently, members of that class have adopted the term Dalit (“Oppressed”) to describe themselves. Officially, such groups are referred to as Scheduled Castes. Those in Scheduled Castes, collectively accounting for roughly one-sixth of India’s total population, are generally landless and perform most of the agricultural labour, as well as a number of ritually polluting caste occupations (e.g., leatherwork, among the Chamars, the largest Scheduled Caste).

In Hindi

हाल ही में, उस वर्ग के सदस्यों ने खुद का वर्णन करने के लिए दलित (“उत्पीड़ित”) शब्द अपनाया है। आधिकारिक तौर पर, ऐसे समूहों को अनुसूचित जाति कहा जाता है। अनुसूचित जातियों के लोग, जो सामूहिक रूप से भारत की कुल आबादी का लगभग एक-छठा हिस्सा हैं, आम तौर पर भूमिहीन हैं और अधिकांश कृषि श्रम करते हैं, साथ ही साथ कई धार्मिक रूप से प्रदूषणकारी जातिगत व्यवसाय (जैसे, चमारों में चमड़े का काम, सबसे बड़ा अनुसूचित जाति का काम) करते हैं। जाति)।

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List Of Caste In India

“Indian castes”

List Of Caste In India

A

  • Adaviyar
  • Agri (caste)
  • Ahirwar
  • Ahluwalia (caste)
  • Talk: Ahluwalia (caste)
  • Anjana Chaudhari
  • Arora
  • Asati

B

  • Balija
  • Banai (sub-tribe)
  • Banaphar
  • Bandhmati
  • Barai (caste)
  • Barika (caste)
  • Barwar (caste)
  • Beldar
  • Khalpa
  • Bhambi Rohit
  • Bhambi Sindhi Mochi
  • Bhandari (caste)
  • Bhanushali
  • Bhar
  • Bharbhunja (Hindu)
  • Bhat
  • Bhatraju
  • Bhatti
  • Bhil Gametia
  • Bhil Mama
  • Bhishti
  • Bhulia
  • Bhumihar
  • Bind (Caste)
  • Bot (Caste)
  • Boya (Caste)
  • Brahmin

C

  • Chakyar
  • Chamail
  • Chambhar
  • Charan
  • Chasa (caste)
  • Chaukalshi
  • Cherayi Panicker
  • Chero
  • Chettiar
  • Chhaparband
  • Chik (community)
  • Chunara
  • Churihar

D

  • Dahima
  • Daivadnya
  • Dangi people
  • Desikar
  • Devadiga
  • Devanga
  • Dhagi
  • Dheevara (caste)
  • Dhekaru
  • Dhusia
  • Dogra Jheer

E

  • Elur Chetty
  • Eradi
  • Ezhava
  • Ezhuthachan (caste)

G

  • Gadaria
  • Gadhia (community)
  • Gahoi
  • Ganak
  • Gandhabanik
  • Gauda and Kunbi
  • Gavli
  • Gawaria
  • Ghamaila
  • Gharami
  • Ghasiara
  • Ghirth
  • Gihara
  • Godha
  • Gollewar
  • Gopa (Caste)
  • Gopal (Caste)
  • Goriya
  • Goud
  • Gowala (Caste)
  • Gowari
  • Gudia (Caste)
  • Gurjar

H

  • Halba (tribe)
  • Halpati
  • Hatkar
  • Heri (caste)Holar caste
  • Hoogar
  • Hurkiya

I

  • Idangai
  • Ilayathu
  • Isai Vellalar
  • Istimrari
  • Iyer

J

  • Jaiswal (surname)
  • Jalia Kaibarta
  • Jāti
  • Jhamar (caste)
  • Jogi (caste)
  • Jogi Faqir
  • Joisar
  • Jyotish (caste)
List Of Caste In India
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K

  • Kadava Patidar
  • Kadia (Muslim)
  • Kadia Kumbhar
  • Kaikalas
  • Kalabaz
  • Kalari Panicker
  • Kalingi
  • Kalita (caste)
  • Kalwar (caste)
  • Kamar (caste)
  • Kamma (caste)
  • Kammalar (caste)
  • Kanakkan
  • Kanet
  • Kaniyar
  • Kannadiya Naidu
  • Kansara
  • Kapariya
  • Kapu (caste)
  • Karmakar
  • Kartha
  • Kashmiri Muslim tribes from Hindu lineage
  • Katesar
  • Kathi people
  • Kesarwani
  • Kewat
  • Khairaha
  • Khant (caste)
  • Kharol
  • Kharwa caste
  • Khati
  • Khatik
  • Khatri
  • Kirar
  • Kisan (caste)
  • Koch (caste)
  • Koliyar
  • Komati (caste)
  • Konar (caste)
  • Kondaikatti Vellalar
  • Koshta
  • Kshatriya
  • Kuchband
  • Kumawat
  • Kumhar
  • Kunbi
  • Kuravar
  • Kuta (caste)
  • Kuthaliya Bora

L

  • Labbay
  • Lakhera
  • Lavana
  • Leva Patel
  • List of gotras
  • Namasudras
  • List of Telugu castes
  • Lodha
  • Lonari

M

  • Mahishya
  • Mahton
  • Mahuri
  • Maiya
  • Mal (caste)
  • Mali caste
  • Mang (caste)
  • Manipuri Brahmin
  • Mannadiyar
  • Maratha (caste)
  • Menariya
  • Meshuchrarim
  • Mirshikar
  • Mistri caste
  • Mohyal Brahmin
  • Motisar (caste)
  • Mudiraju
  • Mukkulathor
  • Mukkuvar (India)
  • Mundhra
  • Muslim Dhobi

N

  • Nadar (caste)
  • Nador (caste)
  • Nagarathar
  • Nai (caste)
  • Nair
  • Nambiar (Ambalavasi caste)
  • Nankudi Vellalar
  • Narikurava
  • Natrayat Rajputs
  • Navnat
  • Nayak (caste)
  • Nedumpally
  • Nethakani
  • Niari

India’s Tribal Peoples

India’s many tribal peoples—officially designated as Scheduled Tribes—have also been given a status similar to that of the Scheduled Castes. Tribal peoples are concentrated mainly in the northeast (notably Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland) and, to a lesser extent, in the northeast-central (Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha) regions of the country, as well as in the Lakshadweep and Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territories.

In most parts of India

While inherently nonegalitarian, jatis provide Indians with social support and, at least in theory, a sense of having a secure and well-defined social and economic role. In most parts of India, there is one or perhaps there are several dominant castes that own the majority of land, are politically most powerful, and set a cultural tone for a particular region. A dominant jati typically forms anywhere from one-eighth to one-third of the total rural population but may in some areas account for a clear majority (e.g., Sikh Jats in central Punjab, Marathas in parts of Maharashtra, or Rajputs in northwestern Uttar Pradesh). The second most numerous jati is usually from one of the Scheduled Castes. Depending on its size, a village typically will have between 5 and 25 jatis, each of which might be represented by anywhere from 1 to more than 100 households.

List Of Caste In India

Although it is not as visible as it is among Hindus, caste is found among Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, and Jews. In the 1990s the Dalit movement began adopting a more aggressive approach to ending caste discrimination, and many converted to other religions, especially Buddhism, as a means of rejecting the social premises of Hindu society. At the same time, the officially designated “Other Backward Classes” (other social and tribal groups traditionally excluded) also began to claim their rights under the constitution. There has been some relaxation of caste distinction among young urban dwellers and those living abroad, but caste identity has remained strong—especially since groups such as the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have a guaranteed percentage of representation in national and state legislatures.

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In Hindi

हालाँकि यह उतना दिखाई नहीं देता जितना कि हिंदुओं में है, जाति मुसलमानों, ईसाइयों, सिखों, जैनियों और यहूदियों में पाई जाती है। 1990 के दशक में दलित आंदोलन ने जातिगत भेदभाव को समाप्त करने के लिए और अधिक आक्रामक दृष्टिकोण अपनाना शुरू किया, और कई अन्य धर्मों, विशेष रूप से बौद्ध धर्म में परिवर्तित हो गए, हिंदू समाज के सामाजिक परिसर को खारिज करने के साधन के रूप में। उसी समय, आधिकारिक तौर पर नामित “अन्य पिछड़ा वर्ग” (अन्य सामाजिक और आदिवासी समूहों को पारंपरिक रूप से बाहर रखा गया) ने भी संविधान के तहत अपने अधिकारों का दावा करना शुरू कर दिया। युवा शहरी निवासियों और विदेशों में रहने वालों के बीच जाति भेद में कुछ छूट दी गई है, लेकिन जाति की पहचान मजबूत बनी हुई है-खासकर जब अनुसूचित जाति और अनुसूचित जनजाति जैसे समूहों के पास राष्ट्रीय और राज्य विधानसभाओं में प्रतिनिधित्व का गारंटीकृत प्रतिशत है।

FAQ’s on List Of Caste In India:

What are the 5 caste groups in India?

Here are six of the most significant:

  • Brahmins. The highest of all the castes and traditionally priests or teachers, Brahmins make up a small part of the Indian population.
  • Kshatriyas. Meaning “protector[s] of the gentle people,” Kshatriyas were traditionally the military class.
  • Vaishyas.
  • Shudras.
  • Adivasi.
  • Dalit.

How many castes are there on India’s List?

This is a list of Scheduled castes in India. The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,109 castes across 26 states in its First Schedule, while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule.

Which is the highest caste in India?

Brahman, also spelt Brahmin, Sanskrit Brāhmaṇa (“Possessor of Brahma”), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India.

What are SC ST and OBC?

The full form of SC, ST and OBC are. SC – Scheduled Castes. ST – Scheduled Tribes. OBC – Other Backward Classes.

Which caste is the smallest?

The Dalits: The lowest caste was the Dalits, the untouchables, who handled meat and waste, though there is some debate over whether this class existed in antiquity.

What are the 7 castes in India?

Although there are 4 main castes, the system is divided into thousands of sub-castes, further dividing the people of India.

Are ST and SC the same?

SC is for scheduled tribes and is used for the untouchables in India. According to o Indian mythology, this is part of the Verna system and such people are called Ati Shudras. They were condemned and humiliated by society. ST is for Scheduled tribes and is used for the community that used to live in the forests.

List Of Caste In India

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What are the 5 main castes?

Indian society was divided into five castes:

  • Brahmins: the priestly caste. After their religious role decreased they became the caste of officialdom.
  • Kshatriya: warrior caste.
  • Vaisya: the commoner caste.
  • Sudras: represented the great bulk of the Indian population.
  • Untouchables: descendants of slaves or prisoners.

What are the 5 main castes?

Indian society was divided into five castes:

  • Brahmins: the priestly caste. After their religious role decreased they became the caste of officialdom.
  • Kshatriya: warrior caste.
  • Vaisya: the commoner caste.
  • Sudras: represented the great bulk of the Indian population.
  • Untouchables: descendants of slaves or prisoners.

Who comes under Kshatriya?

Kshatriya is the second Varna within the social hierarchy. The Brahmin and the Kshatriya make up the upper castes, 20 per cent of India’s population is within this category. The Kshatriya constitutes the ruling and military elite, the warriors.

What are the 5 caste groups in India?

Here are six of the most significant:

  • Brahmins. The highest of all the castes and traditionally priests or teachers, Brahmins make up a small part of the Indian population.
  • Kshatriyas. Meaning “protector[s] of the gentle people,” Kshatriyas were traditionally the military class.
  • Vaishyas.
  • Shudras.
  • Adivasi.
  • Dalits.

How many castes are there on India’s List?

This is a list of Scheduled castes in India. The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,109 castes across 26 states in its First Schedule, while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule.

Which is the highest caste in India?

Brahman, also spelt Brahmin, Sanskrit Brāhmaṇa (“Possessor of Brahma”), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India.

Which caste is Saxena?

Kayastha caste

A surname is used by the Kayastha caste of India and Pakistan.

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