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List of Abbreviations, All the Acronyms, Rules for Abbreviations, Common Abbreviations, FAQs

List of Abbreviations: Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or lengthy phrases. You’ll find them in almost every discipline and area of life, from commonly used abbreviations in names or titles, such as Mr. for mister or pres. for president, to less commonly used abbreviations, such as the short version of the word abbreviation itself, which is abbr. There is more than one type of abbreviation. An acronym is a new word created from the initial letters of a long name or phrase, for example, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). An initialism is a long-phrase that is abbreviated by its initial letters. The letters are pronounced individually, not spoken as a word. For example, the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation). An initialism can be considered a type of acronym.

The U.S. is itself a well-established abbreviation, as are the shortened forms of the 50 states, like NY for New York. As you will see in the following lists, abbreviations exist in all areas of life, from medicine and military to geography and baking.

In Hindi: List of Abbreviations

संक्षेप शब्दों या लंबे वाक्यांशों के संक्षिप्त रूप हैं। आप उन्हें लगभग हर अनुशासन और जीवन के क्षेत्र में पाएंगे, आमतौर पर नामों या शीर्षकों में उपयोग किए जाने वाले संक्षिप्ताक्षरों से, जैसे मिस्टर फॉर मिस्टर या प्रेसिडेंट। राष्ट्रपति के लिए, कम सामान्यतः उपयोग किए जाने वाले संक्षिप्ताक्षरों के लिए, जैसे कि संक्षिप्त नाम का संक्षिप्त संस्करण, जो कि abbr है। एक से अधिक प्रकार के संक्षेप हैं। एक संक्षिप्त नाम एक लंबे नाम या वाक्यांश के शुरुआती अक्षरों से बनाया गया एक नया शब्द है, उदाहरण के लिए, नाटो (उत्तरी अटलांटिक संधि संगठन)। एक प्रारंभिकवाद एक लंबा वाक्यांश है जिसे इसके प्रारंभिक अक्षरों से संक्षिप्त किया जाता है। अक्षरों को व्यक्तिगत रूप से उच्चारित किया जाता है, एक शब्द के रूप में नहीं बोला जाता है – उदाहरण के लिए, एफबीआई (संघीय जांच ब्यूरो)। एक प्रारंभिकवाद को एक प्रकार का संक्षिप्त नाम माना जा सकता है।

यू.एस. अपने आप में एक सुस्थापित संक्षिप्त नाम है, जैसा कि 50 राज्यों के संक्षिप्त रूप हैं, जैसे न्यूयॉर्क के लिए न्यूयॉर्क। जैसा कि आप निम्नलिखित सूचियों में देखेंगे, चिकित्सा और सेना से लेकर भूगोल और पाक कला तक, जीवन के सभी क्षेत्रों में संक्षिप्ताक्षर मौजूद हैं।

Common Abbreviations for Everyday Use

Whether you’re walking to the corner cafe or talking to a friend, your everyday life is full of shortened words and acronyms that you may not even notice. Here are some common abbreviations that you might stumble into.

  • approx. – approximately
  • appt. – appointment
  • apt. – apartment
  • A.S.A.P. – as soon as possible
  • B.Y.O.B. – Bring your own bottle/beverage/beer
  • c/o – care of
  • dept. – department
  • D.I.Y. – Do it yourself
  • est. – established
  • E.T.A. – estimated time of arrival
  • min. – a minute or minimum
  • misc. – miscellaneous
  • Mr. – Mister
  • Mrs. (pronounced “missus”) – from the honorific “mistress”
  • Ms. – Miss
  • no. – number
  • R.S.V.P. – Repondez, s’il vous plait (from French for “please reply”)
  • tel. – telephone
  • temp. – temperature or temporary
  • vet. – veteran or veterinarian
  • vs. – versus

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Cooking and Baking Abbreviations

Abbreviations are also necessary for measurements when cooking and baking. After all, your cake won’t come out very well if you don’t know the difference between:

  • tsp or t (lowercase) – teaspoon/teaspoons
  • tbs, tbsp or T (uppercase) – tablespoon/tablespoons
  • c – cup/cups
  • gal – gallon
  • lb – pound/pounds
  • pt – pint
  • qt – quart
List of Abbreviations
List of Abbreviations

Abbreviations for Geography and Map Locations

If you want to find your way around, you better know location abbreviations such as:

  • Ave. – Avenue
  • Blvd. – Boulevard
  • Cyn. – Canyon
  • Dr. – Drive
  • Ln. – Lane
  • Rd. – Road
  • St. – Street
  • E – east
  • N – north
  • NE – northeast
  • NW – northwest
  • S – south
  • SE – southeast
  • SW – southwest
  • W – west
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Academic Abbreviations

While you’re bound to see some abbreviations in class, the academic world is full of shortened words even outside the lecture hall. Some of the most common abbreviations in academics are tied to the type of degree that you’re aiming for, including:

  • BA – Bachelor of Arts
  • BS – Bachelor of Science
  • MA – Master of Arts
  • MBA – Master of Business Administration
  • MFA – Master of Fine Arts
  • M. Phil or MPhil – Master of Philosophy
  • JD – Juris Doctor
  • DC – Doctor of Chiropractic
  • PhD, PhD, DPhil – Doctor of Philosophy

Abbreviations at Work

Gather ‘round the water cooler with your coworkers, and you’re bound to notice some abbreviations. That can get a little confusing, especially with the number of C-suite positions in your organization. Some of the most common abbreviations you might see at work include:

  • Acct. – Accountant or accounting
  • Asst. – Assistant
  • CMO – Chief Marketing Officer
  • CFO – Chief Financial Officer
  • CEO – Chief Executive Officer
  • Corp. – Corporation
  • EVP – Executive Vice President
  • Inc. – Incorporated
  • MD – Managing Director
  • VP – Vice President
  • SVP – Senior Vice President
  • PA – Personal Assistant
All acronyms (List of Abbreviations)

Social Media and Online Abbreviations

The advent of the internet brought about a whole new range of abbreviations into our daily lives. For the sake of brevity and efficiency, our texts, tweets, and chats are now made up of many abbreviations. Some common abbreviations you may see online include:

  • AFAIK – as far as I know
  • AFK – Away from the keyboard
  • BRB – Be right back
  • IIRC – if I recall/remember correctly
  • LOL – laugh out loud
  • NP – no problem
  • ROFL – Rolling on the floor laughing
  • TY – thank you
  • YW – you’re welcome
  • DM – direct message
  • WTH – what the heck/hell
  • FTR – for the record
  • sry – sorry
  • thx – thanks
  • ofc – of course
  • IMO – in my opinion
  • IMHO – in my humble/honest opinion
  • tbh – to be honest
  • IDK/IDEK – I don’t know/I don’t even know
  • FYI – for your information
  • jk – just kidding

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Alphabet Agency Abbreviations

During the Great Depression, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt created a number of agencies to stimulate job growth in the United States. Known as “alphabet agencies,” these are some of the most famous abbreviations today.

  • CCC (The Civilian Conservation Corps.) – Wildlife conservation and national preservation, including planting trees and fighting erosion
  • CWA (The Civil Works Administration) – Renovation and construction, including building repair, road building and other infrastructural work
  • FDIC (The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.) – Insured customers against losses of up to $5,000 in the event of bank failure
  • FHA (The Federal Housing Administration) – Helped people secure home loans
  • NRA (The National Recovery Administration) – Aimed to prevent deflation and encourage market competition
  • SSA (The Social Security Administration) – Created a national pension for retirees, provided unemployment insurance and supported government aid for single mothers, children and handicapped persons

Abbreviations Based on Time and Date

Without abbreviations, time is just a bunch of numbers, which doesn’t help anyone get where (and when) they need to go. Thankfully, we have abbreviations to keep things straight.

  • AM – ante meridiem (before noon)
  • PM – post meridiem (after noon)
  • AD – Anno Domini (“The Year of Our Lord”)
  • BC – Before Christ
  • GMT – Greenwich Mean Time
  • UTC – Universal Time Coordinated (also referred to as Coordinated Universal Time)
  • PST – Pacific Standard Time
  • MST – Mountain Standard Time
  • CST – Central Standard Time
  • EST – Eastern Standard Time
List of Abbreviations
Some Common Abbreviations (List of Abbreviations)

Rules for Abbreviations

Abbreviations are abbreviated (or shortened) forms of words and phrases. For example, “Mister” becomes “Mr.” In writing, abbreviations are generally considered informal. Of course, you will see them in academic texts (as long as you adhere to rule number one), but, by and large, abbreviations are considered an informal form of writing.

Abbreviations allow us to shorten complex words and phrases and be more concise in our writing. The rules for abbreviations are rather complex and can vary. Below, you’ll find some of the most important rules and guidelines for using abbreviations in your writing.

Introduce Them with Parentheses

  • The first time you use an abbreviation, it’s important to spell out the full term and put the abbreviation in parentheses. Then, you can use just the abbreviation in subsequent references after that. For example:
  • In the fall, he plans to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). There, he will major in electrical engineering and computer science. MIT offers eight different engineering programs.
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Abbreviate Personal and Professional Titles

If you’ve ever written a letter or an email, you’ve probably seen terms like Mr. or Dr It’s proper to abbreviate professional titles when they’re followed by a name. For example:

  • Dr Roberts
  • Mr Anderson
  • Mrs Ryder

You may find that American English and British English differ here. In America, we always write, “Mr.” or “Mrs.” In British English, however, the period is omitted to read, “Mr” or “Mrs” instead.

Don’t abbreviate a title in a scenario like this: “She was relieved when the doctor finally entered the room.” An abbreviation like “Dr.” must be accompanied by someone’s name. Finally, if the abbreviation is set to come after the person’s name, be sure to use a comma. For example:

  • Michelle Roberts, MD (Medical Doctor)
  • Michael McDougal, RN (Registered Nurse)
  • Mary Canto, MBA (Master of Business Administration)

Academic degrees also come with a few variations. For example, if you’ve earned a Bachelor of Arts degree, that can be abbreviated as “B.A.” or “BA.” If you’re including this in some form of academic writing, be sure to consult your style guide. It will tell you how to properly punctuate the title.

Only Abbreviate Well-Known Terms

Before you abbreviate, you might want to double-check that the term is, indeed, well known. Common abbreviations include:

  • ASAP: as soon as possible
  • decaf: decaffeinated
  • DIY: do it yourself
  • St: street
  • TV: television

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Well-known companies or organizations can also go by abbreviations. For example:

  • CBS: Columbia Broadcasting System
  • CIA: Central Intelligence Agency
  • FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • FedEx: Federal Express
  • GEICO: Government Employees Insurance Company
List of Abbreviations

FAQs on List of Abbreviations

What are the benefits of abbreviations?

Abbreviations are a common part of our lives. Almost anything you do, from baking cookies to texting a friend, will require you to know an abbreviation or two. Just remember: Abbreviations usually (but not always) consist of a letter or group of letters taken from a word or phrase.

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What does IG stand for?

IG stands for the social media platform Instagram. It is also sometimes short for I guess

What does OTP mean in text?

OTP is an abbreviation meaning “one true pair/pairing.”

What does ATM stand for?

An ATM, which stands for automated teller machine, is a specialized computer that makes it convenient to manage a bank account holder’s funds.

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