List of 29 States of India: India achieved the status of democratic republic status on 26 January 1950. After becoming completely free from the British administration, the resident nationals In India had the ultimate power in their hands. As per the constitution, people elect their representatives to make decisions. India is a nation of diverse cultures. The 29 states of India and their capitals and language are unique and exciting to learn about the country. 29 states of india name list
भारत ने 26 जनवरी 1950 को लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य का दर्जा प्राप्त किया। ब्रिटिश प्रशासन से पूरी तरह से मुक्त होने के बाद, भारत में निवासी नागरिकों के हाथों में अंतिम शक्ति थी। संविधान के अनुसार, निर्णय लेने के लिए लोग अपने प्रतिनिधियों का चुनाव करते हैं। भारत विविध संस्कृतियों का देश है। भारत के 29 राज्य और उनकी राजधानियां और भाषा देश के बारे में जानने के लिए अद्वितीय और रोमांचक हैं। list of 29 states of india and their capitals 2019
History of categorization of Indian states:
In 1956, India formed the States Reorganisation Act, which demarcates the Indian states’ borders along semantic lines. This Act in the Indian Constitution dismissed the Part A, B and C status of the Indian states to form just a single type of state. The former governor’s region of British India constituted Part A states. Those belonging to royal states came under Part B. Part C includes the princely states and provinces of former chief commissioners.
Since 1947, though state boundaries have changed, the Act still plays a significant role in defining the current Indian states’ forms and shapes.
In 2000, 3 new states were formed, namely Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttaranchal from Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, Telangana from Andhra Pradesh in 2014.
List of 29 States Of India And Their Capitals and their official languages:
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter||Urdu|
Interesting facts about 29 Indian States
Andhra Pradesh – Amravati
- Hyderabad was the former capital of Andhra Pradesh but it got replaced by Amravati, the people’s capital. The foundation stone was laid on October 22, 2015.
- The Buddhist Stupa at Amravati is the biggest stupa in the country with a diameter of 50 meters and a height of 27 meters
Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
- Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since April 20, 1974
- Arunachal Pradesh is India’s largest state in the Northeast.
Assam – Dispur
- Initially, Shillong was the capital of Assam but got replaced by Dispur in 1972
- Dispur is a locality or suburb in Guwahati city which is why Guwahati is often referred to as the capital city of Assam.
Bihar – Patna
- Patna is the largest city in the state of Bihar, the 19th most populous city and the fifth fastest growing city in the country
- Being a place of several strip rivers, including Sone, Gandak, and Punpun, Patna is known as the largest riverine city in the world
Chhattisgarh – Atal Nagar (Naya Raipur)
- Chhattisgarh’s new capital Naya Raipur will be renamed Atal Nagar in memory of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
- The announcement was made by Chhattisgarh’s chief minister, Raman Singh, on August 21, 2018
Goa – Panaji
- Panaji is also known as Panjim in English, Ponnji in Konkani, and Pongim in Portuguese
- After Independence, the Indian Army attacked Goa including Panaji and uprooted the Portuguese controls in 1961. Thereafter, Goa was merged with India as a Union Territory
Gujarat – Gandhinagar
- In 1960, the Indian state of Bombay was split into two states, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The city of Mumbai was given to Maharashtra, leaving Gujarat without a capital city
- At that time, Ahmedabad was selected to be the first capital of the newly created state
- It was later proposed that a new capital city should be constructed for the state along the lines of the other two planned cities of India, Chandigarh, and Bhubaneshwar
Haryana – Chandigarh
- Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of ‘Chandi Mandir’ located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity ‘Chandi’, the goddess of power and a fort of ‘Garh’ lying beyond the temple gave the city its name ‘stronghold of the goddess Chandi
- With the partition of India in 1947, the old British province of Punjab was divided into two parts. The larger western part, including the Punjabi capital of Lahore, became a part of Pakistan
Himachal Pradesh – Shimla/Dharamshala
- Jammu and Kashmir is not the only state with two capitals anymore. In 2017, Dharamsala was declared as HP’s winter capital, which means it’ll have two capital cities i.e. Shimla and Dharamshala
- Dharamshala is also the hometown of Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama.
Jammu and Kashmir – Srinagar/Jammu
- Jammu and Kashmir was the only state having two capital cities until 2017. In Jammu and Kashmir, every year there is a shift of the secretariat and all other government offices from Srinagar to Jammu and vice versa
Jharkhand – Ranchi
- Jharkhand is one of the richest mineral zones in the world and boasts of 40 per cent and 29 per cent of India’s mineral and coal reserves respectively
- It is the only state in India to produce coking coal, uranium and pyrite
Karnataka – Bengaluru
- Bengaluru is also known as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’ because of its role as the nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter
- Indian technological organizations, such as ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are headquartered in the city.
Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram
- Thiruvananthapuram, formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of Kerala state
- This clean city is built on seven hills, called as Thiru-Anantha-Puram, meaning ‘the town of Lord Anantha’.
Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal
- Bhopal, founded by King Bhoja in the 11th century. The city was thus named ‘Bhoj-pal’ and later came to be known as Bhopal
- Bhopal is also known as the ‘city of lakes for its various natural as well as artificial lakes. Bhopal lake, known as the upper lake is the oldest man-made lake in India.
Maharashtra – Mumbai
- Mumbai was formerly known as Bombay till 1995. Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India
- It is also one of the world’s top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16 per cent of India’s GDP.
Manipur – Imphal
- Ima Keithal market in Imphal is probably the world’s only all-women-run marketplace. In Manipuri, Ima means mother and Keithal means market, so it is known as ‘Mothers market’
Meghalaya – Shillong
- Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya, is the only hill station that is accessible from all sides. In 1874, it became the capital of composite Assam under British rule
- In 1972, after the formation of Meghalaya as an independent state, Shillong became its capital
Mizoram – Aizawl
- Aizawl is the political and cultural centre of Mizoram. It is here that the State Legislature is situated
- It is also the commercial hub of the state and all commercial and economic activities, centred around the city.
Nagaland – Kohima
- Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe
- The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name Kewhima or Kewhira, which comes from the Kewhi flowers, which is found all around the mountains
Odisha (Orissa) – Bhubaneswar
- In 1948, Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital of Odisha
- Popularly known as the ‘temple city of India’.
Punjab – Chandigarh
- Chandigarh as a Union Territory constituted on November 1, 1966, when the Indian Punjab reorganised along linguistic lines into two new states- Haryana and Punjab
Rajasthan – Jaipur
- Jaipur is popularly known as the ‘Pink city of Rajasthan,’ because of its pink colour buildings
- It was built in the 18th century by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II and was the first planned city in India.
Sikkim – Gangtok
- The name Gangtok derive from a Tibetan word, which means ‘hilltop’ or ‘top of the hill’
Tamil Nadu – Chennai
- Chennai, formerly known as Madras Patnam, is 380 years old. From a stretch of no man’s land in 1639, it has grown to become a major industrial, business and cultural centre
Telangana – Hyderabad
- Telangana constitute the 29th state of India on June 2, 2014
- Hyderabad was the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh until 2015
Tripura – Agartala
- Agartala is a component of two words — namely Agar, a kind of oily valuable perfume tree and tala, a storehouse
- The percentage of literacy in Agartala, according to the 2011 census, was 93.88, higher than the national literacy rate.
Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
- Lucknow is popularly known as ‘The City of Nawabs’. Known as the Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Constantinople of India
- Lucknow was the epicentre of the 1857 War of Independence.
Uttarakhand – Dehradun
- Dehradun, mention in the Ramayana and Mahabharata in the ancient puranic stories making it one of the oldest cities in India
- Dehradun also called the Abode of Guru Drona
West Bengal – Kolkata
- Until 1911, Kolkata was the capital of India due to its trade importance during the British Rule in India. Later, Delhi made the capital of India
- 1911 तक, भारत में ब्रिटिश शासन के दौरान अपने व्यापारिक महत्व के कारण कोलकाता भारत की राजधानी थी। बाद में दिल्ली को भारत की राजधानी बनाया गया
FAQs on List of 29 States of India
How there are 28 states in India?
India is a federal union of 28 states and 8 union territories, totalling 36 separate entities. Districts and smaller administrative units subdivide further inside the states and union territories. Each state in India has its own administrative, legislative, and judicial capital.
भारत 28 राज्यों और 8 केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों से बना एक संघीय संघ है, जिसमें कुल 36 अलग-अलग संस्थाएं हैं। जिलों और छोटी प्रशासनिक इकाइयों को राज्यों और केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों के अंदर और अधिक उप-विभाजित किया गया है। भारत में प्रत्येक राज्य की अपनी प्रशासनिक, विधायी और न्यायिक राजधानी है।
Is Jharkhand the 28th State of India?
The 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence by the Bihar reorganization Act on November 15, 2000- the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda.
भारतीय संघ के 28 वें राज्य को बिहार पुनर्गठन अधिनियम द्वारा 15 नवंबर, 2000 को अस्तित्व में लाया गया था- महान भगवान बिरसा मुंडा की जयंती।list of 29 states of india and their capitals