Defence Minister of India List, Historical Background, All Department, FAQs

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Defence Minister of India List: The Government of India is responsible for ensuring the defence of India and every part thereof. The Supreme Command of the Armed Forces vests in the President. The responsibility for national defence rests with the Cabinet. This is discharged through the Ministry of Defence, which provides the policy framework and wherewithal to the Armed Forces to discharge their responsibilities in the context of the defence of the country. The Raksha Mantri (Defence Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Defence. list of defence ministers of india

The principal task of the Defence Ministry is to obtain policy directions of the Government on all defence and security-related matters and communicate them for implementation to the Services Headquarters, Inter-Services Organisations, Production Establishments and Research and Development.

In Hindi:

भारत और उसके हर हिस्से की रक्षा सुनिश्चित करने के लिए भारत सरकार जिम्मेदार है। सशस्त्र बलों की सर्वोच्च कमान राष्ट्रपति में निहित होती है। राष्ट्रीय रक्षा की जिम्मेदारी कैबिनेट के पास है। इसे रक्षा मंत्रालय के माध्यम से पूरा किया जाता है, जो सशस्त्र बलों को देश की रक्षा के संदर्भ में अपनी जिम्मेदारियों का निर्वहन करने के लिए नीतिगत ढांचा और साधन प्रदान करता है। रक्षा मंत्री (रक्षा मंत्री) रक्षा मंत्रालय का प्रमुख होता है। list of defence ministers of india

रक्षा मंत्रालय का मुख्य कार्य सभी रक्षा और सुरक्षा संबंधी मामलों पर सरकार के नीति निर्देश प्राप्त करना और उन्हें सेवा मुख्यालय, अंतर-सेवा संगठनों, उत्पादन प्रतिष्ठानों और अनुसंधान और विकास के कार्यान्वयन के लिए संवाद करना है।

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Defence Minister of India List

NameBorn-DiedTook Office
Baldev Singh(1902–1961) 15 August 1947
Gopalaswamy Ayyangar(1882–1953)13 May 1952
Jawaharlal Nehru(1889–1964)10 February 1953
Kailash Nath Katju(1887–1968)10 January 1955
Jawaharlal Nehru(1889–1964)30 January 1957
V. K. Krishna Menon(1896–1974)17 April 1957
Jawaharlal Nehru(1889-1964)31 October 1962
Yashwantrao Chavan(1913–1984)14 November 1962
Sardar Swaran Singh(1907–1994) 13 November 1966
Jagjivan Ram(1908–1986) 27 June 1970
Sardar Swaran Singh(1907–1994) 10 October 1974
Indira Gandhi(1917–1984)1 December 1975
Bansi Lal(1927–2006) 21 December 1975
Jagjivan Ram(1908–1986) 24 March 1977
Chidambaram Subramaniam(1910–2000) 28 July 1979
Indira Gandhi(1917–1984) 14 January 1980
Ramaswamy Venkataraman(1910–2009) 15 January 1982
Shankarrao Chavan(1920–2004)2 August 1984
P. V. Narasimha Rao(1921–2004) 1 January 1985
Rajiv Gandhi(1944–1991) 25September 1985
Vishwanath Pratap Singh(1930–2008) 24 January 1987
Shri K C Pant(1931–2012) 13 April 1987
Vishwanath Pratap Singh(1930–2008) 2 December 1989
Chandra Shekhar(1927–2007) 10 November 1990
P. V. Narasimha Rao(1921–2004) 21 June 1991
Sharad Pawar(born 1940)26 June 1991
P. V. Narasimha Rao(1921–2004) 6 March 1993
Pramod Mahajan(1949–2006)16 May 1996
Mulayam Singh Yadav(born 1939) 1 June 1996
George Fernandes(1930–2019) 19 March 1998
Jaswant Singh(1938–2020)16 March 2001
George Fernandes(1930–2019) 21 October 2001
Pranab Mukherjee(1935–2020) 22 May 2004
A K Antony(born 1940) 26 October 2006
Shri Arun Jaitley(1952–2019)26 May 2014
Shri Manohar Parrikar(1955–2019) 9 November 2014
Shri Arun Jaitley(1952–2019) 13 March 2017
Nirmala Sitharaman(born 1959) 3 September 2017
Rajnath Singh(born 1951) 30 May 2019-Incumbent
Defence Minister of India List
Defence Minister of India
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Historical Background: Defence Minister of India List

In the year 1776, a military department was created in the Supreme Government of the East India Company in Kolkata, whose main function was to filter and record the orders related to the army issued by the various departments of the East India Company. The Military Department initially functioned as a branch of the Public Department and maintained an inventory of Army personnel.

With the Charter Act of 1833, the Secretariat of the Government of the East India Company was reorganized into four departments, including a military department, each headed by a secretary to the government. The Army in the Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and Madras served as the respective Presidency Army until April 1895, when the Presidency Armies were integrated into a single Indian Army. For administrative convenience, it was divided into four Commands. Punjab (including the North-West Frontier), Bengal, Madras (including Burma) and Bombay (including Sindh, Quetta and Aden).

The supreme authority over the Indian Army is vested in the Governor-General-in-Council, under the control of the Crown, exercised by the Secretary of State for India. Two members of the council were responsible for military affairs, one of which was a military member, overseeing all administrative and financial matters, while the other was the commander-in-chief who was responsible for all operational matters. In March 1906 the Military Department was abolished and replaced by two separate departments, the Department of the Army and the Department of Military Supplies. Then in April 1909, the Department of Military Supplies was abolished and its functions were taken over by the Army Department. In January 1938, the Army Department has renamed the Department of Defense. The Department of Defense became the Ministry of Defense in August 1947 under a cabinet minister.

Defence Minister of India
Present Defence Minister of India (Rajnath Singh)

Organisational Set-Up And Functions

After independence Ministry of Defence was created under the charge of a Cabinet Minister, and, each Service was placed under its own Commander-in-Chief. In 1955, the Commanders-in-Chief were renamed the Chief of the Army Staff, the Chief of the Naval Staff and the Chief of the Air Staff. Then in November 1962, a Department of Defence Production was set up to deal with the research, development and production of defence equipment. In November 1965, the Department of Defence Supplies was created for planning and execution of schemes for import substitution of defence requirements.

These two Departments were later merged to form the Department of Defence Production and Supplies. In 2004, the name of the Department of Defence Production and Supplies was changed to Department of Defence Production. In the year 1980, the Department of Defence Research and Development was created. While In 2004, the Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare was created. Another Department i.e. Department of Military Affairs was created in December 2019.
The Defence Secretary functions as head of the Department of Defence and is additionally responsible for coordinating the activities of the five Departments in the Ministry.

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Departments: Defence Minister of India

The principal task of the Ministry is to frame policy directions on defence and security-related matters and communicate them for implementation to the Services Headquarters, Inter-Service Organisations, Production Establishments and Research & Development Organisations. It is required to ensure effective implementation of the Government’s policy directions and the execution of approved programmes within the allocated resources.

मंत्रालय का मुख्य कार्य रक्षा और सुरक्षा से संबंधित मामलों पर नीति निर्देश तैयार करना और सेवा मुख्यालयों, अंतर-सेवा संगठनों, उत्पादन प्रतिष्ठानों और अनुसंधान एवं विकास संगठनों को कार्यान्वयन के लिए उन्हें संप्रेषित करना है। यह सरकार के नीति निर्देशों के प्रभावी कार्यान्वयन और आवंटित संसाधनों के भीतर अनुमोदित कार्यक्रमों के निष्पादन को सुनिश्चित करने के लिए आवश्यक है।

Previous Defence Minister of India (Nirmala Sitharaman)

The principal functions of all the Departments are as follows:

The Department of Defence (DoD):

Then The Department of Defence is headed by Defence Secretary and is responsible for the Defence Budget, establishment matters, defence policy, matters relating to Parliament, defence cooperation with foreign countries and coordination of all defence-related activities.

(DMA) The Department of Military Affairs:

Then The Department of Military Affairs (DMA) is headed by the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) Secretary and was created to facilitate optimal utilization of resources and promote jointness among the three Services.

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The Department of Defence Production (DDP) :

Again The Department of Defence Production is headed by a Secretary and deals with matters pertaining to defence production, indigenisation of imported stores, equipment and spares, planning and control of .departmental production units of the Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs)

(DDR&D) The Department of Defence Research and Development:

Then The Department of Defence Research and Development is headed by a Secretary and deals with the research and development of defence technologies, systems and types of equipment as required by the three services of the Armed Forces.

The Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare (DESW):

And the Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare is headed by a Secretary and deals with all resettlement, welfare and pensionary matters of Ex-Servicemen.

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Defence Minister of India (Rajnath Singh)

FAQs on the Defence Minister of India List

What Work does Defence Minister do?

The principal task of the Defence Ministry is to obtain policy directions of the Government on all defence and security-related matters and communicate them for implementation to the Services Headquarters, Inter-Services Organisations, Production Establishments and Research and Development.

How many soldiers are in Indian Defence?

With a strength of over 1.4 million active personnel, it is the world’s second-largest military force and has the world’s largest volunteer army.

How many types of Defence are there in India?

The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of India which consist of four professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard

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How strong is India?

India boasts the second-largest military in the world after China, but in terms of military prowess, there’s still a long way to go to catch up with the strongest nations. According to the recently released Global Firepower (GFP) annual defence review of 140 countries, India’s military is the 4th most powerful.

What is the work of defence?

The Defence teams represent and protect the rights of the defendant (suspect or accused). All defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt before the Court.

रक्षा दल प्रतिवादी (संदिग्ध या आरोपी) के अधिकारों का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं और उनकी रक्षा करते हैं। न्यायालय के समक्ष एक उचित संदेह से परे दोषी साबित होने तक सभी प्रतिवादियों को निर्दोष माना जाता है list of all defence minister of india

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