Central List of OBCs: In the Indian Constitution, OBCs have been described as socially and educationally backward classes (SEBC), and the Government of India is enjoined to ensure their social and educational development — for example, the OBCs are entitled to 27% reservations in public sector employment and higher education. Other Backward Classes (OBC) are socially and educationally backward classes in India. OBCs are distinct from Scheduled Classes (SC) or Scheduled Tribes (ST). The Central Government of India maintains a list of castes/communities to be considered OBC. central list of obc in Bihar
Non-Creamy Layer candidates from OBC are entitled to reservations in jobs as well as educational institutions. However, many candidates (and even some bureaucrats) are ignorant about the provisions of the OBC reservation. If you are a deserving candidate belonging to the OBC category, you should not miss the benefits of an OBC reservation (due to ignorance). In this post, we shall see the criteria for determining whether you fall under OBC Creamy Layer or OBC Non-Creamy Layer.
In Hindi: Central List of OBCs
Central List of OBCs: भारतीय संविधान में, ओबीसी को सामाजिक और शैक्षिक रूप से पिछड़े वर्गों (एसईबीसी) के रूप में वर्णित किया गया है, और भारत सरकार को उनके सामाजिक और शैक्षिक विकास को सुनिश्चित करने के लिए नियुक्त किया गया है – उदाहरण के लिए, ओबीसी सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के रोजगार में 27% आरक्षण के हकदार हैं और उच्च शिक्षा। अन्य पिछड़ा वर्ग (ओबीसी) भारत में सामाजिक और शैक्षिक रूप से पिछड़े वर्ग हैं। ओबीसी अनुसूचित वर्ग (एससी) या अनुसूचित जनजाति (एसटी) से अलग हैं। भारत की केंद्र सरकार ओबीसी मानी जाने वाली जातियों/समुदायों की एक सूची रखती है।
ओबीसी के गैर-क्रीमी लेयर उम्मीदवार नौकरियों के साथ-साथ शैक्षणिक संस्थानों में भी आरक्षण के हकदार हैं। हालांकि, कई उम्मीदवार (और यहां तक कि कुछ नौकरशाह) ओबीसी आरक्षण के प्रावधानों से अनभिज्ञ हैं। यदि आप ओबीसी श्रेणी से संबंधित एक योग्य उम्मीदवार हैं, तो आपको ओबीसी आरक्षण (अज्ञानता के कारण) के लाभों से नहीं चूकना चाहिए। इस पोस्ट में, हम यह निर्धारित करने के लिए मानदंड देखेंगे कि आप ओबीसी क्रीमी लेयर के अंतर्गत आते हैं या ओबीसी नॉन-क्रीमी लेयर के अंतर्गत आते हैं। central list of obc in tamilnadu
Other Backward Classes (OBC) Central List of OBCs
- Other Backward Classes (OBC) are socially and educationally backward classes in India. OBCs are distinct from Scheduled Classes (SC) or Scheduled Tribes (ST).
- The Central Government of India maintains a list of castes/communities to be considered OBC.
Benefits of being included in the OBC list:
To uplift Other Backward Classes (OBC), both the Central Government and State Governments are running a lot of programs and schemes. Some benefits include:
- 27% Reservation Quota with respect to the seats in Government Jobs (like IAS, IPS etc) and Government institutes (like the IIMs and IITs).
- There is relaxation with respect to the upper age limit for various examinations like UPSC Civil Services Exam.
- There is relaxation with respect to the number of attempts for exams.
- And there is relaxation with respect to cut-off marks (only lower cut-off marks are usually needed to clear exams).
OBC – creamy layer vs non-creamy layer (Central List of OBCs)
- Due to the recommendations of the Mandal Commission, the Central Government issued an Office Memorandum to reserve 27% of posts in central government services. The order was challenged by Indra Sawhney (Indra Sawhney and Others Vs Government of India) in Supreme Court (1992).
- The constitutional bench of the apex court upheld the decision to reserve a 27% reservation for OBCs in Central Government service. But in the verdict, Honorable Supreme Court cleared that the creamy layer among OBCs should be excluded from the reservation.
- Central Government constituted a commission chaired by Justice Ram Nandan Prasad to identify the creamy layer among OBCs. The commission recommendations were as such approved by the Central Government.
- Based on this, the Central Government issued an order regarding the guidelines and criteria for excluding Creamy Layer among OBCs. The same criteria and guidelines are still in force for identifying Creamy Layer among OBCs.
Note: There is no concept of the creamy layer with respect to SC/ST reservation.
How can you know if you get OBC Reservation?
- Central Government maintains a list of castes or communities which are given OBC status. Check the Central List of OBCs – based on your state. If your caste or community is mentioned there, you can apply under the OBC quota – provided you meet the Non-Creamy Layer criteria as well.
- If the candidate’s community is mentioned in the above list, then the next step is to check whether he/she belongs to the creamy layer or to the non-creamy layer. You should note that reservations are offered only to candidates belonging to the OBC non-creamy layer.
How can you know if you belong to Creamy Layer OBC or Non-Creamy Layer OBC?
- The creamy layer is based on the status of your parents.
- For the jobs under the Central Government, if the parents of an applicant entered the service as a Class I officer before the age of 40 (direct recruitment), the applicant is considered as a creamy layer.
- Also, if both the parents of the candidates entered into service as class II officers, before the age of 40 (direct recruitment), and entered into the service before the age of 40, the applicant is considered as a creamy layer.
Who comes under Non-Creamy Layer OBC?
- Except for the above children of the above-mentioned employees, almost all get the benefit of “Non-Creamy Layer” Status.
- If your parents are not directly recruited Class1 (Group A) or Class2 (GroupB) officers OR they do not occupy any constitutional posts (like that of President, Vice President, Governor etc) you are most likely to fall under the Non-Creamy Layer OBC.
- If your parents are not employed by the government, their income should be within the limits by the government to be treated as Non-Creamy Layer OBC.
Income Limit of determining the Non-Creamy Layer Status of OBCs
In order to qualify as an OBC non-creamy layer candidate, the applicant’s parents’ annual income should be less than Rs. 8 lakhs.
Salary and agricultural income are not to be considered as income for calculating annual income for creamy layer status. As far as the Government employees are considered, the entry cadre/post is to be taken into consideration.
While applying the “Income/Wealth Test” to determine the creamy layer status of any candidate, income from the salaries and income from the agricultural land shall not be taken into account. It means that if income from other sources other than the salary and agriculture exceeds the income limit, then only the candidates shall be treated as Creamy Layer.
Note: When the creamy layer concept was introduced, the income limit was set at Rs 1 lakh per annum (1993). Thereafter, it was raised to Rs 2.5 lakhs p.a (2004). It was subsequently increased to Rs 4.5 lakhs p.a. in 2008 and then to Rs 6 lakhs p.a in 2013. The current limit is Rs.8 lakhs per annum.
What if you fall under OBC creamy layer?
Candidates who fall under the OBC creamy layer (parents’ annual income of more than 8 lakhs) are treated as general category students. They do not have any reservations about the Government institutions.
They can compete in general merit.
- The purpose of OBC reservation (non-creamy layer), is to uplift the most deserving candidates among backward classes. Except for the most privileged, most of the OBC candidates usually come under Non-Creamy Layer OBC.
- However, many eligible candidates are not aware of how to obtain the required certificate.
- To make matters worse, corrupt and ignorant bureaucrats often deny deserving candidates the OBC non-creamy layer certificate.
- By going through the provisions of the government regarding non-creamy layer criteria in detail, you can claim your deserving quota without any harassment from the authorities.
FAQs on Cental List of OBCs
Will all OBCs get the reservation benefit?
- Only if you belong to Non-Creamy Layer OBC, you will get the reservation in jobs as well as in educational institutions.
- If you fall under the Creamy Layer of OBC, you will not get the benefit of an OBC reservation.
How many OBCs are there in India?
The data shows that of an estimated 17.24 crore rural households, 44.4% were OBCs; 21.6% were Scheduled Castes (SC); 12.3% Scheduled Tribes (ST) and 21.7% were other social groups.
Which caste is highest in India?
A hierarchical system wherein generally the Brahmins were at the head of the hierarchy, but this hierarchy was disputed in some cases. In various linguistic areas, hundreds of castes had a gradation generally acknowledged by everyone.
Is OBC rich?
OBC groups earned 8% less than the national average. 2. In matters of wealth ownership: 50% of the Brahmin, 31% of Rajputs, 44% of Bania and 57% of Kayasth fall in the richest category. For other caste groups, only 5% ST, 10% SC and 16% OBC fall in the richest category.
Is OBC a general category?
OBC- other backward caste and general are different categories for reservation of seats. But to avail of the benefit of the OBC category, you must come under the Non-creamy layer. If you are not under the Non-creamy layer, you will be considered as a general candidate for any seats. central list of obc ncl